Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 57,050 100.0 94,275 100.0 34,697 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,010 26.3 32,901 34.9 990 2.9
50 to 99 miles 4,978 8.7 9,532 10.1 1,064 3.1
100 to 249 miles 11,018 19.3 19,946 21.2 5,940 17.1
250 to 499 miles 14,763 25.9 16,746 17.8 8,886 25.6
500 to 749 miles 3,472 6.1 11,004 11.7 S S
750 to 999 miles 1,968 3.4 2,024 2.1 2,819 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,774 4.9 1,627 1.7 2,673 7.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 193 0.2 386 1.1
2,000 miles or more 1,872 3.3 302 0.3 757 2.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 47,991 100.0 89,676 100.0 32,621 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,918 29.0 30,701 34.2 940 2.9
50 to 99 miles 4,545 9.5 9,418 10.5 1,053 3.2
100 to 249 miles 9,313 19.4 19,766 22.0 5,910 18.1
250 to 499 miles 11,662 24.3 15,710 17.5 7,995 24.5
500 to 749 miles 2,869 6.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,510 3.1 1,906 2.1 2,675 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,847 3.8 1,489 1.7 2,494 7.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 185 0.2 368 1.1
2,000 miles or more 1,283 2.7 254 0.3 626 1.9

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 44,872 100.0 51,772 100.0 9,579 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,586 30.3 26,489 51.2 699 7.3
50 to 99 miles 4,485 10.0 6,838 13.2 627 6.5
100 to 249 miles 8,337 18.6 8,554 16.5 2,024 21.1
250 to 499 miles 10,891 24.3 6,912 13.4 2,995 31.3
500 to 749 miles 2,323 5.2 1,560 3.0 1,143 11.9
750 to 999 miles 1,344 3.0 569 1.1 569 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,634 3.6 457 0.9 643 6.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 171 0.3 340 3.5
2,000 miles or more 1,252 2.8 221 0.4 538 5.6

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,398 100.0 32,841 100.0 17,253 100.0
Less than 50 miles 327 13.6 3,723 11.3 223 1.3
50 to 99 miles 60 2.5 2,580 7.9 426 2.5
100 to 249 miles 957 39.9 11,129 33.9 3,862 22.4
250 to 499 miles 639 26.7 8,792 26.8 4,997 29.0
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 36 1.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 140 5.8 940 2.9 1,670 9.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 16 0.7 32 0.1 87 0.5

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 721 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 20 2.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 132 18.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 74 10.2 91 1.8 181 3.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 15 2.1

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,904 100.0 S S 1,850 100.0
Less than 50 miles 732 9.3 13 0.7
50 to 99 miles 340 4.3 13 0.7 1
100 to 249 miles 1,513 19.1 36 1.8 9 0.5
250 to 499 miles 2,850 36.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 548 6.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 433 5.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 778 9.8 42 2.1 61 3.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 122 1.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 589 7.5 49 2.4 131 7.1

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,804 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 732 9.4 13 6.1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 340 4.4 13 6.2 1 0.8
100 to 249 miles 1,513 19.4 36 16.4 9 4.8
250 to 499 miles 2,826 36.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 525 6.7 12 5.6 9 5.0
750 to 999 miles 425 5.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 762 9.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 122 1.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 560 7.2 S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 101 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 30 29.4 S S 70 4.2

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,155 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 360 31.1 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 93 8.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 39 1.5 16 7.3
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.