Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 57,050 100.0 94,275 100.0 34,697 100.0 426
Less than 50 lbs 7,158 12.5 S S S S 636
50 to 99 lbs 1,492 2.6 114 0.1 22 201
100 to 499 lbs 5,207 9.1 1,219 1.3 159 0.5 136
500 to 749 lbs 2,288 4.0 789 0.8 78 0.2 S
750 to 999 lbs 1,584 2.8 537 0.6 93 0.3 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15,148 26.6 6,089 6.5 1,213 3.5 151
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 18,617 32.6 35,611 37.8 7,379 21.3 218
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,676 2.9 5,579 5.9 552 1.6 99
100,000 lbs or more 3,878 6.8 44,143 46.8 25,074 72.3 413

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 47,991 100.0 89,676 100.0 32,621 100.0 142
Less than 50 lbs 1,260 2.6 45 8 197
50 to 99 lbs 677 1.4 95 0.1 11 S
100 to 499 lbs 4,354 9.1 1,166 1.3 129 0.4 S
500 to 749 lbs 2,074 4.3 769 0.9 72 0.2 S
750 to 999 lbs 1,419 3.0 525 0.6 81 0.2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14,452 30.1 5,854 6.5 1,072 3.3 145
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 18,355 38.2 34,820 38.8 7,243 22.2 219
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,613 3.4 5,441 6.1 549 1.7 100
100,000 lbs or more 3,788 7.9 40,960 45.7 23,456 71.9 416

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 44,872 100.0 51,772 100.0 9,579 100.0 135
Less than 50 lbs 1,148 2.6 45 8 175
50 to 99 lbs 632 1.4 94 0.2 10 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 4,289 9.6 1,163 2.2 125 1.3 S
500 to 749 lbs 2,039 4.5 767 1.5 71 0.7 S
750 to 999 lbs 1,419 3.2 525 1.0 81 0.8 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14,400 32.1 5,850 11.3 1,067 11.1 144
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 18,243 40.7 34,732 67.1 7,188 75.0 218
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,553 3.5 5,300 10.2 502 5.2 96
100,000 lbs or more 1,149 2.6 3,295 6.4 S S 257

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,398 100.0 32,841 100.0 17,253 100.0 446
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,706
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 84 0.3 53 0.3 627
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 335
100,000 lbs or more 2,230 93.0 32,615 99.3 17,152 99.4 433

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 721 100.0 S S S S 1,038
Less than 50 lbs 112 15.5 1 1 1,022
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,182
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,023
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 968
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,200
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 263
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,072

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,904 100.0 S S 1,850 100.0 726
Less than 50 lbs 5,872 74.3 S S S S 727
50 to 99 lbs 807 10.2 17 0.9 12 0.6 649
100 to 499 lbs 778 9.8 35 1.7 30 1.6 788
500 to 749 lbs 183 2.3 10 0.5 6 0.3 510
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,278
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,438
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 45 0.6 38 1.9 91 4.9 2,407
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 55 0.7 S S S S 812

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,804 100.0 S S S S 726
Less than 50 lbs 5,872 75.2 S S S S 727
50 to 99 lbs 807 10.3 17 8.1 12 6.6 649
100 to 499 lbs 778 10.0 35 16.0 30 17.1 788
500 to 749 lbs 183 2.3 10 4.7 6 3.1 510
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,278
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 57
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 101 100.0 S S S S 2,377
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,030
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 45 44.3 38 2.1 91 5.4 2,407
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 55 54.3 S S S S 812

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,155 100.0 S S S S 82
Less than 50 lbs 26 2.2 2 13
50 to 99 lbs S S 2 S
100 to 499 lbs 75 6.5 18 0.7 0.2 S
500 to 749 lbs 32 2.7 S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 481
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 218 18.9 S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 62 5.4 138 5.4 S S 28
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 20

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.