Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 57,050 100.0 94,275 100.0 34,697 100.0 426
Single modes 47,991 84.1 89,676 95.1 32,621 94.0 142
Truck2 44,872 78.7 51,772 54.9 9,579 27.6 135
Rail 2,398 4.2 32,841 34.8 17,253 49.7 446
All other Single modes 721 1.3 S S S S 1,038
Multiple modes 7,904 13.9 S S 1,850 5.3 726
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,804 13.7 S S S S 726
All other Multiple modes 101 0.2 S S S S 2,377
Other and unknown modes 1,155 2.0 S S S S 82

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 157
Single modes S S S S S S 157
Truck2 S S S S S S 157
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,192 100.0 4,154 100.0 537 100.0 S
Single modes 6,189 100.0 4,153 100.0 537 100.0 S
Truck2 6,189 100.0 4,153 100.0 537 100.0 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 714
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 714
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 9,556 100.0 518 100.0 40
Single modes S S 9,467 99.1 518 99.9 40
Truck2 S S 9,095 95.2 507 97.8 39
Rail S S S S S S 1,591
All other Single modes S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 730
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 730
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,141 100.0 38,973 100.0 18,307 100.0 336
Single modes 1,971 92.1 35,795 91.8 16,683 91.1 199
Truck2 960 44.9 5,987 15.4 560 3.1 157
Rail 994 46.4 29,498 75.7 15,909 86.9 696
All other Single modes S S S S S S 837
Multiple modes S S S S S S 656
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 656
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 898
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 352

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 9,163 100.0 6,478 100.0 2,968 100.0 516
Single modes 6,821 74.4 6,309 97.4 2,748 92.6 442
Truck2 6,275 68.5 4,695 72.5 2,003 67.5 436
Rail S S S S S S 438
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,233
Multiple modes S S 63 1.0 107 3.6 562
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 19 0.3 S S 560
All other Multiple modes 46 0.5 44 0.7 90 3.0 2,301
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 247

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,089 100.0 1,498 100.0 359 100.0 773
Single modes 2,562 62.7 1,345 89.8 231 64.4 458
Truck2 2,480 60.6 1,340 89.5 226 63.0 443
Rail S S S S S S 2,652
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,076
Multiple modes S S S S S S 820
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 820
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47 1.2 14 0.9 S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 13,420 100.0 17,064 100.0 4,729 100.0 238
Single modes 12,497 93.1 16,374 96.0 4,666 98.7 206
Truck2 11,707 87.2 14,738 86.4 3,940 83.3 204
Rail 743 5.5 1,567 9.2 587 12.4 413
All other Single modes 47 0.4 S S S S 1,217
Multiple modes 558 4.2 20 0.1 18 0.4 409
Parcel, USPS or courier 548 4.1 14 6 0.1 408
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,543
Other and unknown modes 365 2.7 S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,948 100.0 S S 337 100.0 327
Single modes 5,584 70.3 S S 328 97.2 S
Truck2 5,350 67.3 S S 296 87.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 604
All other Single modes 162 2.0 2 0.1 S S 1,044
Multiple modes 2,303 29.0 12 0.7 6 1.8 479
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,303 29.0 12 0.7 6 1.8 479
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 12,852 100.0 13,896 100.0 S S 324
Single modes 11,123 86.5 13,594 97.8 S S 86
Truck2 10,683 83.1 9,166 66.0 S S 86
Rail S S S S S S 105
All other Single modes S S S S S S 939
Multiple modes 1,303 10.1 24 0.2 14 0.2 677
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,303 10.1 24 0.2 14 0.2 677
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 112 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 111 99.9 S S S S S
Truck2 102 91.2 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 406
All other Single modes S S S S S S 299
Multiple modes S S S S S S 409
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 409
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.