Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 69,685 100.0 83,962 100.0 14,313 100.0
Less than 50 miles 24,585 35.3 61,771 73.6 869 6.1
50 to 99 miles 2,699 3.9 4,044 4.8 343 2.4
100 to 249 miles 12,506 17.9 9,661 11.5 1,852 12.9
250 to 499 miles 3,303 4.7 2,097 2.5 1,022 7.1
500 to 749 miles 4,326 6.2 1,106 1.3 828 5.8
750 to 999 miles S S 2,584 3.1 2,735 19.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,331 1.9 448 0.5 729 5.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,586 6.6 1,056 1.3 2,340 16.3
2,000 miles or more 6,836 9.8 1,194 1.4 3,595 25.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 58,563 100.0 82,405 100.0 12,535 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,909 35.7 61,360 74.5 862 6.9
50 to 99 miles 2,275 3.9 4,023 4.9 341 2.7
100 to 249 miles 10,913 18.6 9,464 11.5 1,818 14.5
250 to 499 miles 2,697 4.6 1,953 2.4 946 7.5
500 to 749 miles 3,473 5.9 1,045 1.3 774 6.2
750 to 999 miles S S 2,424 2.9 2,554 20.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 831 1.4 397 0.5 638 5.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,341 5.7 792 1.0 1,720 13.7
2,000 miles or more 5,265 9.0 947 1.1 2,883 23.0

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 50,077 100.0 76,942 100.0 8,564 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,424 40.8 58,617 76.2 773 9.0
50 to 99 miles 2,257 4.5 3,983 5.2 337 3.9
100 to 249 miles 10,413 20.8 9,167 11.9 1,742 20.3
250 to 499 miles 2,313 4.6 1,532 2.0 708 8.3
500 to 749 miles 1,836 3.7 851 1.1 609 7.1
750 to 999 miles S S 1,614 2.1 1,608 18.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 658 1.3 198 0.3 305 3.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,763 5.5 525 0.7 1,125 13.1
2,000 miles or more 2,252 4.5 455 0.6 1,357 15.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,460 100.0 4,198 100.0 3,388 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 80 5.4 191 4.5 161 4.7
750 to 999 miles 314 21.5 797 19.0 925 27.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 108 7.4 199 4.7 332 9.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 125 8.6 259 6.2 577 17.0
2,000 miles or more S S 318 7.6 1,011 29.8

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,025 100.0 1,264 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S 1,064 84.2 22 3.8
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 1 0.1
250 to 499 miles S S 1 0.1 S S
500 to 749 miles S S 2 0.2 4 0.7
750 to 999 miles 1,383 19.7 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 65 0.9 1 0.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 453 6.4 7 0.6 18 3.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,526 100.0 807 100.0 1,519 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,064 14.1 29 3.6 1
50 to 99 miles 297 3.9 9 1.2 1
100 to 249 miles 1,358 18.0 53 6.5 11 0.7
250 to 499 miles 528 7.0 24 3.0 11 0.7
500 to 749 miles 803 10.7 50 6.2 46 3.0
750 to 999 miles 627 8.3 149 18.5 168 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 215 2.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,110 14.8 234 29.0 555 36.6
2,000 miles or more 1,523 20.2 240 29.7 691 45.5

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,908 100.0 130 100.0 133 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,058 15.3 20 15.1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 297 4.3 9 7.2 1 0.5
100 to 249 miles 1,339 19.4 26 20.0 5 3.9
250 to 499 miles 520 7.5 14 10.7 6 4.7
500 to 749 miles 775 11.2 10 7.3 8 5.8
750 to 999 miles 523 7.6 11 8.5 13 9.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 205 3.0 4 3.3 7 5.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 838 12.1 15 11.3 32 23.7
2,000 miles or more 1,352 19.6 22 16.6 62 46.4

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 617 100.0 676 100.0 1,386 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S 27 3.9 6 0.4
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 28 4.5 40 5.9 38 2.8
750 to 999 miles S S S S 156 11.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 273 44.2 219 32.4 524 37.8
2,000 miles or more 171 27.7 218 32.2 629 45.4

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,597 100.0 750 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S 381 50.8 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 235 6.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 134 3.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 47 1.3 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.