Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 69,685 100.0 83,962 100.0 14,313 100.0 746
Less than 50 lbs 8,992 12.9 158 0.2 92 0.6 927
50 to 99 lbs 2,537 3.6 89 0.1 39 0.3 441
100 to 499 lbs 12,181 17.5 533 0.6 258 1.8 463
500 to 749 lbs S S 248 0.3 101 0.7 396
750 to 999 lbs 1,299 1.9 267 0.3 136 1.0 509
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15,205 21.8 5,201 6.2 1,631 11.4 321
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 19,038 27.3 47,789 56.9 6,214 43.4 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,720 5.3 22,236 26.5 2,371 16.6 112
100,000 lbs or more 2,318 3.3 7,441 8.9 3,470 24.2 633

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 58,563 100.0 82,405 100.0 12,535 100.0 582
Less than 50 lbs 4,620 7.9 91 0.1 29 0.2 816
50 to 99 lbs 1,323 2.3 58 14 0.1 236
100 to 499 lbs S S 483 0.6 227 1.8 435
500 to 749 lbs S S 230 0.3 93 0.7 390
750 to 999 lbs 1,199 2.0 249 0.3 122 1.0 491
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,802 21.9 4,993 6.1 1,577 12.6 327
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 18,015 30.8 47,037 57.1 5,237 41.8 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,607 6.2 22,101 26.8 2,015 16.1 93
100,000 lbs or more 2,114 3.6 7,163 8.7 3,220 25.7 622

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 50,077 100.0 76,942 100.0 8,564 100.0 236
Less than 50 lbs 2,006 4.0 84 0.1 12 0.1 212
50 to 99 lbs 1,106 2.2 57 12 0.1 199
100 to 499 lbs 6,986 14.0 467 0.6 182 2.1 358
500 to 749 lbs S S 230 0.3 92 1.1 387
750 to 999 lbs 1,197 2.4 249 0.3 122 1.4 491
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,756 25.5 4,821 6.3 1,097 12.8 291
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 17,533 35.0 46,650 60.6 4,534 52.9 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,488 7.0 21,892 28.5 1,719 20.1 81
100,000 lbs or more 819 1.6 2,493 3.2 793 9.3 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,460 100.0 4,198 100.0 3,388 100.0 1,130
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 457
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7 0.5 S S S S 1,073
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 326 22.3 341 8.1 672 19.8 1,724
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,410
100,000 lbs or more 1,009 69.1 3,637 86.6 2,405 71.0 820

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,025 100.0 1,264 100.0 S S 1,986
Less than 50 lbs 2,613 37.2 8 0.6 16 2.8 1,963
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 S S 2,259
100 to 499 lbs S S 16 1.3 45 7.7 2,767
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,349
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 913
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 38 0.5 S S S S 2,925
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 33
100,000 lbs or more S S 1,033 81.7 22 3.8 40

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,526 100.0 807 100.0 1,519 100.0 1,103
Less than 50 lbs 4,175 55.5 61 7.5 63 4.2 1,108
50 to 99 lbs 1,169 15.5 25 3.1 24 1.6 985
100 to 499 lbs 1,401 18.6 30 3.7 31 2.0 1,052
500 to 749 lbs 110 1.5 7 0.8 6 0.4 883
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,108
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 55 0.7 14 1.7 31 2.0 2,132
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 351 4.7 354 43.9 769 50.6 2,172
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,848
100,000 lbs or more S S 181 22.4 232 15.3 1,401

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 6,908 100.0 130 100.0 133 100.0 1,098
Less than 50 lbs 4,172 60.4 61 46.6 63 47.0 1,104
50 to 99 lbs 1,169 16.9 25 19.2 24 18.2 985
100 to 499 lbs 1,380 20.0 29 21.9 31 22.9 1,071
500 to 749 lbs 109 1.6 7 5.1 6 4.3 850
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,086
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 617 100.0 676 100.0 1,386 100.0 2,364
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,000
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,731
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,647
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 55 8.9 14 2.0 31 2.2 2,132
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 351 56.9 354 52.4 769 55.5 2,172
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,848
100,000 lbs or more S S 181 26.8 232 16.7 1,401

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,597 100.0 750 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs 45 1.3 6 0.8 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S 0.2 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 400
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 195 26.0 23 8.9 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 672 18.7 S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 342
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 183

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.