Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 69,685 100.0 83,962 100.0 14,313 100.0 746
Single modes 58,563 84.0 82,405 98.1 12,535 87.6 582
Truck2 50,077 71.9 76,942 91.6 8,564 59.8 236
Rail 1,460 2.1 4,198 5.0 3,388 23.7 1,130
All other Single modes 7,025 10.1 1,264 1.5 S S 1,986
Multiple modes 7,526 10.8 807 1.0 1,519 10.6 1,103
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,908 9.9 130 0.2 133 0.9 1,098
All other Multiple modes 617 0.9 676 0.8 1,386 9.7 2,364
Other and unknown modes 3,597 5.2 750 0.9 S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,471 100.0 4,978 100.0 1,018 100.0 S
Single modes 2,297 93.0 4,855 97.5 855 84.0 S
Truck2 2,190 88.6 4,039 81.1 823 80.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 178
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,427
Multiple modes 62 2.5 85 1.7 147 14.5 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 652
All other Multiple modes 59 2.4 85 1.7 147 14.4 2,214
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 306

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,490 100.0 3,758 100.0 1,041 100.0 S
Single modes 4,229 94.2 3,548 94.4 639 61.4 S
Truck2 4,224 94.1 3,542 94.3 637 61.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 192
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,337
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,275
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,199
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,302
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 66

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes 3 1.9 672 2.2 12 3.5 19
Multiple modes S S S S S S 181
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 181
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 163

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,398 100.0 10,554 100.0 955 100.0 S
Single modes 3,364 99.0 10,522 99.7 849 88.9 S
Truck2 3,081 90.7 10,050 95.2 696 72.8 S
Rail S S 246 2.3 S S 629
All other Single modes S S S S S S 959
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,007
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,243
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,390
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,129 100.0 S S 1,450 100.0 1,468
Single modes 4,385 85.5 S S 1,429 98.5 1,560
Truck2 3,979 77.6 S S 941 64.9 256
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,488
Multiple modes 716 14.0 17 0.5 21 1.4 1,402
Parcel, USPS or courier 692 13.5 13 0.4 11 0.8 1,401
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,819
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 41

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 14,292 100.0 9,354 100.0 5,931 100.0 1,026
Single modes 13,605 95.2 8,840 94.5 5,225 88.1 466
Truck2 12,671 88.7 7,379 78.9 3,022 50.9 444
Rail 688 4.8 1,320 14.1 2,186 36.9 1,912
All other Single modes S S S S 18 0.3 1,838
Multiple modes 496 3.5 295 3.2 S S 1,811
Parcel, USPS or courier 308 2.2 10 0.1 14 0.2 1,812
All other Multiple modes S S 285 3.0 S S 1,698
Other and unknown modes 190 1.3 S S S S 152

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,922 100.0 15,540 100.0 2,192 100.0 477
Single modes 4,756 80.3 15,429 99.3 2,056 93.8 S
Truck2 4,197 70.9 14,589 93.9 1,149 52.4 S
Rail 326 5.5 825 5.3 881 40.2 963
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,309
Multiple modes 1,026 17.3 45 0.3 63 2.9 730
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,012 17.1 25 0.2 23 1.1 730
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,987
Other and unknown modes 140 2.4 S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 23,408 100.0 1,010 100.0 402 100.0 790
Single modes S S 654 64.8 282 70.2 774
Truck2 S S 604 59.9 248 61.7 308
Rail S S S S S S 795
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,907
Multiple modes 3,687 15.8 38 3.8 38 9.6 900
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,679 15.7 36 3.5 34 8.4 899
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,979
Other and unknown modes S S 318 31.5 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 10,372 100.0 4,567 100.0 967 100.0 977
Single modes 8,896 85.8 4,449 97.4 860 88.9 907
Truck2 8,284 79.9 3,499 76.6 721 74.5 453
Rail S S S S S S S
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,673
Multiple modes 1,254 12.1 87 1.9 106 11.0 1,118
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,201 11.6 43 1.0 49 5.0 1,106
All other Multiple modes S S S S 58 6.0 2,654
Other and unknown modes S S 31 0.7 S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 23 100.0 8 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 4 53.4 1 11.6 S
Truck2 S S 4 53.4 1 11.6 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,495
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,137
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,131
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,736
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.