Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 43,541 100.0 33,056 100.0 4,164 100.0 523
Single modes 40,727 93.5 32,831 99.3 4,094 98.3 170
Truck2 39,405 90.5 32,488 98.3 3,978 95.5 158
Rail 91 0.2 330 1.0 102 2.5 367
All other Single modes 1,231 2.8 13 13 0.3 1,273
Multiple modes 2,046 4.7 48 0.1 41 1.0 1,020
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,044 4.7 47 0.1 41 1.0 1,020
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,896
Other and unknown modes S S S S 29 0.7 285

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 698 100.0 1,278 100.0 114 100.0 S
Single modes 668 95.6 1,174 91.8 102 89.2 S
Truck2 668 95.6 1,174 91.8 102 89.2 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 143
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,115 100.0 1,591 100.0 348 100.0 S
Single modes 1,115 100.0 1,591 100.0 348 100.0 S
Truck2 1,039 93.2 1,330 83.6 292 83.9 S
Rail 76 6.8 261 16.4 56 16.1 216
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 14
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 14
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 114 100.0 11,215 100.0 200 100.0 19
Single modes 114 99.9 11,202 99.9 199 99.7 19
Truck2 114 99.9 11,202 99.9 199 99.7 19
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 46

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,660 100.0 6,623 100.0 490 100.0 62
Single modes 1,659 100.0 6,623 100.0 490 100.0 67
Truck2 1,659 100.0 6,623 100.0 490 100.0 67
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 16,007 100.0 1,274 100.0 340 100.0 172
Single modes 15,875 99.2 1,268 99.5 336 98.7 S
Truck2 15,144 94.6 1,262 99.0 329 96.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 974
All other Single modes S S 4 0.3 S S 1,475
Multiple modes 109 0.7 2 0.2 S S 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier 109 0.7 2 0.2 S S 1,056
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,956 100.0 S S 636 100.0 768
Single modes 2,785 94.2 S S 625 98.3 582
Truck2 2,774 93.8 S S 602 94.6 579
Rail S S 30 0.8 23 3.6 740
All other Single modes S S S S S S 963
Multiple modes 130 4.4 7 0.2 S S 1,058
Parcel, USPS or courier 128 4.3 7 0.2 S S 1,058
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,896
Other and unknown modes 41 1.4 S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,876 100.0 3,466 100.0 582 100.0 S
Single modes 4,635 95.1 3,460 99.8 580 99.7 S
Truck2 4,629 94.9 3,459 99.8 579 99.5 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,028
Multiple modes S S S S 2 0.3 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 0.3 S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 642

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 11,121 100.0 512 100.0 429 100.0 570
Single modes 9,477 85.2 475 92.8 403 93.9 390
Truck2 8,991 80.9 466 91.2 395 92.0 324
Rail
All other Single modes 485 4.4 8 1.6 8 1.9 1,212
Multiple modes 1,001 9.0 S S S S 898
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,001 9.0 S S S S 898
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 382

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,971 100.0 3,534 100.0 1,024 100.0 956
Single modes 4,378 88.1 3,510 99.3 1,010 98.7 366
Truck2 4,367 87.8 3,473 98.3 989 96.6 360
Rail S S S S S S 655
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,627
Multiple modes 566 11.4 14 0.4 11 1.1 1,070
Parcel, USPS or courier 566 11.4 14 0.4 11 1.1 1,070
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 332

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 22 100.0 21 100.0 2 100.0 S
Single modes 21 97.4 21 99.9 2 99.7 S
Truck2 20 91.5 21 99.8 2 99.3 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 632
Multiple modes S S S S S S 154
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 154
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.