Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 94,264 100.0 152,892 100.0 44,739 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,867 19.0 66,080 43.2 1,547 3.5
50 to 99 miles 9,276 9.8 12,009 7.9 1,145 2.6
100 to 249 miles 15,275 16.2 34,535 22.6 7,562 16.9
250 to 499 miles 21,503 22.8 19,094 12.5 9,549 21.3
500 to 749 miles 14,911 15.8 9,870 6.5 7,570 16.9
750 to 999 miles 6,742 7.2 5,995 3.9 6,362 14.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,880 4.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,819 4.1 1,894 1.2 4,469 10.0
2,000 miles or more 992 1.1 512 0.3 1,328 3.0

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 86,494 100.0 148,424 100.0 44,290 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,815 18.3 62,273 42.0 1,507 3.4
50 to 99 miles 8,593 9.9 11,915 8.0 1,136 2.6
100 to 249 miles 14,129 16.3 34,396 23.2 7,532 17.0
250 to 499 miles 20,154 23.3 18,886 12.7 9,448 21.3
500 to 749 miles 13,604 15.7 9,752 6.6 7,482 16.9
750 to 999 miles 6,331 7.3 5,959 4.0 6,327 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,659 4.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,470 4.0 1,855 1.2 4,382 9.9
2,000 miles or more 737 0.9 496 0.3 1,281 2.9

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 74,499 100.0 107,273 100.0 20,957 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,514 20.8 58,495 54.5 1,201 5.7
50 to 99 miles 8,457 11.4 11,365 10.6 1,062 5.1
100 to 249 miles 12,436 16.7 15,944 14.9 3,057 14.6
250 to 499 miles 16,426 22.0 10,087 9.4 4,297 20.5
500 to 749 miles 11,841 15.9 6,520 6.1 4,614 22.0
750 to 999 miles 4,762 6.4 2,867 2.7 2,855 13.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,436 3.3 715 0.7 996 4.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,043 2.7 875 0.8 1,858 8.9
2,000 miles or more 585 0.8 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,427 100.0 36,656 100.0 21,051 100.0
Less than 50 miles 157 1.5 2,888 7.9 302 1.4
50 to 99 miles 136 1.3 545 1.5 74 0.4
100 to 249 miles 1,365 13.1 S S 4,256 20.2
250 to 499 miles 3,270 31.4 6,400 17.5 3,338 15.9
500 to 749 miles 1,621 15.5 3,138 8.6 2,784 13.2
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,177 11.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 90 0.2 260 1.2

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,568 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S 890 19.8 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 458 29.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 143 9.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 33 2.1 1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 67 4.3 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,584 100.0 214 100.0 193 100.0
Less than 50 miles 495 10.8 15 6.9 0.2
50 to 99 miles 399 8.7 21 9.9 2 1.0
100 to 249 miles 629 13.7 38 17.6 S S
250 to 499 miles 926 20.2 41 19.1 20 10.5
500 to 749 miles 1,022 22.3 33 15.5 25 13.1
750 to 999 miles 375 8.2 15 6.9 15 7.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 204 4.4 3 1.6 5 2.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 299 6.5 36 16.9 81 41.9
2,000 miles or more 235 5.1 12 5.5 36 18.5

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,415 100.0 149 100.0 81 100.0
Less than 50 miles 495 11.2 15 9.9 0.6
50 to 99 miles 399 9.0 21 14.1 2 2.4
100 to 249 miles 613 13.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 915 20.7 30 20.0 13 16.1
500 to 749 miles 987 22.4 23 15.2 16 19.6
750 to 999 miles 366 8.3 8 5.5 8 10.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 204 4.6 3 2.3 5 5.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 232 5.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 3 2.0 8 9.6

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 169 100.0 65 100.0 112 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 9 5.5 7 10.3 7 6.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles 67 39.5 26 40.8 60 53.4
2,000 miles or more S S 9 13.4 28 24.9

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,187 100.0 S S 256 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,556 48.8 S S 39 15.2
50 to 99 miles 284 8.9 73 1.7 7 2.8
100 to 249 miles 517 16.2 102 2.4 21 8.2
250 to 499 miles 423 13.3 167 3.9 81 31.7
500 to 749 miles 285 8.9 85 2.0 62 24.4
750 to 999 miles 36 1.1 21 0.5 19 7.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 18 0.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.