Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 124,038 100.0 246,602 100.0 47,132 100.0
Less than 50 miles 36,369 29.3 171,164 69.4 3,958 8.4
50 to 99 miles 18,382 14.8 22,382 9.1 2,128 4.5
100 to 249 miles 21,711 17.5 26,994 10.9 4,948 10.5
250 to 499 miles 13,069 10.5 9,073 3.7 3,585 7.6
500 to 749 miles 5,755 4.6 3,567 1.4 2,670 5.7
750 to 999 miles 2,828 2.3 1,817 0.7 2,066 4.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,204 4.2 2,394 1.0 4,057 8.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 9,474 7.6 3,650 1.5 8,046 17.1
2,000 miles or more 11,248 9.1 5,562 2.3 15,673 33.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 111,431 100.0 239,069 100.0 40,401 100.0
Less than 50 miles 33,955 30.5 168,574 70.5 3,937 9.7
50 to 99 miles 17,680 15.9 21,829 9.1 2,068 5.1
100 to 249 miles 19,541 17.5 25,685 10.7 4,744 11.7
250 to 499 miles S S 8,596 3.6 3,355 8.3
500 to 749 miles 5,274 4.7 3,390 1.4 2,540 6.3
750 to 999 miles 2,458 2.2 1,786 0.7 2,027 5.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 2,019 0.8 3,341 8.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,407 6.6 3,056 1.3 6,684 16.5
2,000 miles or more 8,484 7.6 4,133 1.7 11,705 29.0

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 105,107 100.0 231,179 100.0 31,762 100.0
Less than 50 miles 33,563 31.9 166,537 72.0 3,908 12.3
50 to 99 miles 17,302 16.5 21,003 9.1 1,929 6.1
100 to 249 miles 19,322 18.4 25,129 10.9 4,653 14.7
250 to 499 miles S S 7,395 3.2 2,896 9.1
500 to 749 miles 5,085 4.8 3,202 1.4 2,384 7.5
750 to 999 miles 2,243 2.1 1,731 0.7 1,952 6.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 1,461 0.6 2,360 7.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,522 5.3 1,932 0.8 4,092 12.9
2,000 miles or more 6,517 6.2 2,788 1.2 7,586 23.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,791 100.0 4,713 100.0 8,332 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 12 0.3
50 to 99 miles 367 9.7 827 17.5 140 1.7
100 to 249 miles 24 0.6 147 3.1 42 0.5
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 72 1.9 187 4.0 154 1.8
750 to 999 miles 67 1.8 54 1.1 70 0.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 442 11.7 557 11.8 976 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,574 41.5 1,118 23.7 2,576 30.9
2,000 miles or more 1,127 29.7 1,338 28.4 4,100 49.2

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,533 100.0 3,177 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 375 14.8 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 194 7.7 S S 48 15.7
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 349 13.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 6 0.2 16 5.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,339 100.0 4,448 100.0 6,128 100.0
Less than 50 miles 396 4.2 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 520 5.6 430 9.7 48 0.8
100 to 249 miles 1,778 19.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 552 5.9 429 9.7 216 3.5
500 to 749 miles 389 4.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 361 3.9 28 0.6 36 0.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 834 8.9 355 8.0 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,859 19.9 472 10.6 1,095 17.9
2,000 miles or more 2,651 28.4 S S 3,818 62.3

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,986 100.0 141 100.0 160 100.0
Less than 50 miles 363 5.2 5 3.4 S S
50 to 99 miles 505 7.2 11 8.1 1 0.6
100 to 249 miles 1,602 22.9 28 19.5 6 3.9
250 to 499 miles 517 7.4 26 18.3 11 6.9
500 to 749 miles 376 5.4 12 8.2 9 5.5
750 to 999 miles 343 4.9 9 6.4 10 6.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 700 10.0 9 6.4 16 10.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,043 14.9 14 9.6 29 18.0
2,000 miles or more 1,537 22.0 29 20.2 77 48.4

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,353 100.0 4,306 100.0 5,968 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 15 0.6 419 9.7 47 0.8
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 18 0.8 19 0.4 26 0.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 133 5.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 816 34.7 458 10.6 1,067 17.9
2,000 miles or more 1,114 47.3 S S 3,741 62.7

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,268 100.0 3,086 100.0 603 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,018 61.8 S S 15 2.5
50 to 99 miles 182 5.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 392 12.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 9 0.3 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 21 0.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 122 4.0 266 44.1
2,000 miles or more 112 3.4 55 1.8 149 24.7

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.