Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 124,038 100.0 246,602 100.0 47,132 100.0 480
Less than 50 lbs 9,575 7.7 264 0.1 139 0.3 636
50 to 99 lbs 2,344 1.9 140 40 283
100 to 499 lbs 5,803 4.7 718 0.3 160 0.3 230
500 to 749 lbs 2,141 1.7 397 0.2 106 0.2 261
750 to 999 lbs 1,301 1.0 321 0.1 110 0.2 339
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 19,081 15.4 14,946 6.1 2,923 6.2 225
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 60,688 48.9 95,341 38.7 26,319 55.8 259
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 14,731 11.9 107,684 43.7 7,518 16.0 S
100,000 lbs or more 8,375 6.8 26,792 10.9 9,815 20.8 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 111,431 100.0 239,069 100.0 40,401 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 4,285 3.8 173 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 1,227 1.1 108 8 S
100 to 499 lbs 4,370 3.9 642 0.3 126 0.3 188
500 to 749 lbs 1,855 1.7 382 0.2 98 0.2 250
750 to 999 lbs 1,245 1.1 305 0.1 104 0.3 335
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,878 16.0 14,087 5.9 2,778 6.9 227
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 58,080 52.1 92,389 38.6 21,440 53.1 224
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 14,550 13.1 106,212 44.4 7,079 17.5 S
100,000 lbs or more 7,943 7.1 24,771 10.4 8,718 21.6 S

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 105,107 100.0 231,179 100.0 31,762 100.0 132
Less than 50 lbs 2,744 2.6 161 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 1,061 1.0 107 7 S
100 to 499 lbs 4,148 3.9 638 0.3 120 0.4 178
500 to 749 lbs 1,786 1.7 381 0.2 93 0.3 241
750 to 999 lbs 1,226 1.2 305 0.1 103 0.3 333
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,687 16.8 14,056 6.1 2,704 8.5 222
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 56,229 53.5 90,932 39.3 18,535 58.4 199
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 14,388 13.7 105,773 45.8 6,926 21.8 S
100,000 lbs or more 5,840 5.6 S S 3,253 10.2 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,791 100.0 4,713 100.0 8,332 100.0 2,007
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 7
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,072
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 79
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,402
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,386
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,443
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S 120 1.4 S
100,000 lbs or more 1,607 42.4 3,333 70.7 5,245 62.9 1,615

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,533 100.0 3,177 100.0 S S 2,677
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,712
50 to 99 lbs 166 6.6 1 1 0.4 2,084
100 to 499 lbs 202 8.0 3 S S 2,355
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,499
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,399
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,334
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 60
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 118
100,000 lbs or more 496 19.6 S S S S 87

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 9,339 100.0 4,448 100.0 6,128 100.0 1,333
Less than 50 lbs 4,642 49.7 70 1.6 87 1.4 1,339
50 to 99 lbs S S 26 0.6 31 0.5 1,242
100 to 499 lbs 1,001 10.7 35 0.8 34 0.6 1,095
500 to 749 lbs 267 2.9 10 0.2 S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,718
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 52 0.6 22 0.5 59 1.0 2,704
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,961 21.0 1,937 43.5 4,673 76.3 2,422
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 64 0.7 843 18.9 S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 944

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 6,986 100.0 141 100.0 160 100.0 1,328
Less than 50 lbs 4,642 66.4 70 49.8 87 54.7 1,338
50 to 99 lbs S S 26 18.1 31 19.7 1,243
100 to 499 lbs 995 14.2 34 24.1 32 20.3 1,084
500 to 749 lbs 267 3.8 10 7.4 S S 748
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,353 100.0 4,306 100.0 5,968 100.0 1,957
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,932
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 465
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,562
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 3,111
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,218
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 52 2.2 22 0.5 59 1.0 2,704
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,961 83.3 1,937 45.0 4,673 78.3 2,422
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 64 2.7 843 19.6 S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 944

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,268 100.0 3,086 100.0 603 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs 42 1.3 S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 432 13.2 S S 1 0.1 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 95
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,152 35.2 S S 87 14.4 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 207 34.2 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 106
100,000 lbs or more 185 5.7 518 16.8 S S 377

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.