Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 30,556 100.0 80,732 100.0 35,757 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,904 25.9 34,911 43.2 1,054 2.9
50 to 99 miles 2,733 8.9 4,715 5.8 441 1.2
100 to 249 miles 3,103 10.2 15,728 19.5 3,785 10.6
250 to 499 miles 4,222 13.8 5,162 6.4 2,685 7.5
500 to 749 miles 2,905 9.5 5,226 6.5 4,447 12.4
750 to 999 miles 4,180 13.7 3,508 4.3 4,373 12.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,313 10.8 11,099 13.7 18,231 51.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,020 6.6 367 0.5 711 2.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 25,307 100.0 75,818 100.0 29,373 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,272 28.7 34,161 45.1 733 2.5
50 to 99 miles 2,311 9.1 4,645 6.1 435 1.5
100 to 249 miles 2,869 11.3 15,443 20.4 3,628 12.4
250 to 499 miles 3,913 15.5 5,066 6.7 2,646 9.0
500 to 749 miles 2,499 9.9 5,186 6.8 4,411 15.0
750 to 999 miles 2,963 11.7 3,293 4.3 4,072 13.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,426 9.6 7,686 10.1 12,799 43.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,046 4.1 330 0.4 640 2.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 23,348 100.0 59,235 100.0 11,997 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,152 30.6 32,625 55.1 689 5.7
50 to 99 miles 2,297 9.8 4,463 7.5 406 3.4
100 to 249 miles 2,723 11.7 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 3,796 16.3 4,097 6.9 2,021 16.8
500 to 749 miles 1,957 8.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 2,361 10.1 1,473 2.5 1,596 13.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,202 9.4 1,213 2.0 1,657 13.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 854 3.7 251 0.4 463 3.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 992 100.0 16,562 100.0 17,316 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 145 14.6 3,576 21.6 980 5.7
250 to 499 miles 104 10.5 969 5.8 625 3.6
500 to 749 miles S S 1,947 11.8 1,903 11.0
750 to 999 miles 174 17.6 1,803 10.9 2,421 14.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 141 14.2 6,472 39.1 11,141 64.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 78 0.5 174 1.0
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 966 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 13 1.4 S S 0.3
500 to 749 miles 253 26.2 1 2.6 1 1.3
750 to 999 miles 428 44.3 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 84 8.6 1 3.4 1 2.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 185 19.2 1 6.3 3 4.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,956 100.0 4,187 100.0 6,190 100.0
Less than 50 miles 266 6.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 143 3.6 3
100 to 249 miles 180 4.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 4 2
500 to 749 miles 372 9.4 10 0.2 9 0.1
750 to 999 miles 1,178 29.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 852 21.5 3,408 81.4 5,424 87.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 593 15.0 18 0.4 34 0.6
2,000 miles or more S S 2 4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,818 100.0 96 100.0 111 100.0
Less than 50 miles 197 5.2 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 143 3.8 3 3.1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 177 4.6 5 5.3 1 1.1
250 to 499 miles S S 4 4.1 2 1.8
500 to 749 miles 371 9.7 9 9.3 7 6.7
750 to 999 miles 1,167 30.6 23 23.9 25 22.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 802 21.0 28 29.3 39 35.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 593 15.5 18 18.6 34 30.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S 2 1.7

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 137 100.0 4,091 100.0 6,079 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 51 36.9 3,380 82.6 5,385 88.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,293 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 367 28.3 335 46.1 S S
50 to 99 miles 279 21.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 34 2.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.