Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 39,662 100.0 24,511 100.0 2,439 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,455 26.4 18,758 76.5 274 11.2
50 to 99 miles 7,499 18.9 2,665 10.9 252 10.3
100 to 249 miles 9,246 23.3 1,503 6.1 282 11.6
250 to 499 miles 3,137 7.9 443 1.8 191 7.8
500 to 749 miles 2,533 6.4 294 1.2 229 9.4
750 to 999 miles 1,908 4.8 401 1.6 418 17.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,559 6.5 299 1.2 409 16.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 874 2.2 51 0.2 104 4.3
2,000 miles or more 1,450 3.7 96 0.4 280 11.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 32,732 100.0 23,924 100.0 2,233 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,523 29.1 18,465 77.2 268 12.0
50 to 99 miles 6,319 19.3 2,604 10.9 246 11.0
100 to 249 miles 8,065 24.6 1,431 6.0 268 12.0
250 to 499 miles S S 402 1.7 174 7.8
500 to 749 miles 1,912 5.8 257 1.1 200 9.0
750 to 999 miles 1,309 4.0 370 1.5 387 17.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,858 5.7 269 1.1 367 16.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 714 2.2 46 0.2 94 4.2
2,000 miles or more 780 2.4 78 0.3 229 10.3

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 32,049 100.0 23,826 100.0 2,130 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,520 29.7 18,465 77.5 268 12.6
50 to 99 miles 6,226 19.4 2,604 10.9 246 11.5
100 to 249 miles 7,880 24.6 1,412 5.9 261 12.3
250 to 499 miles S S 355 1.5 148 7.0
500 to 749 miles 1,905 5.9 257 1.1 200 9.4
750 to 999 miles 1,298 4.0 370 1.6 387 18.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,764 5.5 252 1.1 340 16.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 554 1.7 46 0.2 94 4.4
2,000 miles or more 708 2.2 64 0.3 186 8.8

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 94 100.0 S S 98 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 590 100.0 4 100.0 4 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 170 28.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 7 1.2 S S 4.7
750 to 999 miles S S 3.2 3.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 9.9 1 13.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 4.4 7.8
2,000 miles or more 59 10.0 1 18.0 2 56.1

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,353 100.0 429 100.0 161 100.0
Less than 50 miles 681 10.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 1,168 18.4 56 13.0 5 3.3
100 to 249 miles 1,010 15.9 42 9.8 8 5.1
250 to 499 miles 880 13.9 29 6.8 12 7.7
500 to 749 miles 606 9.5 26 6.1 20 12.6
750 to 999 miles 575 9.0 25 5.8 25 15.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 635 10.0 26 6.1 36 22.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 158 2.5 4 0.9 8 4.8
2,000 miles or more 640 10.1 14 3.2 41 25.5

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,321 100.0 212 100.0 142 100.0
Less than 50 miles 661 10.5 16 7.8 1 0.4
50 to 99 miles 1,166 18.4 37 17.5 4 2.7
100 to 249 miles 1,010 16.0 42 19.9 8 5.8
250 to 499 miles 880 13.9 29 13.7 12 8.8
500 to 749 miles 601 9.5 21 9.9 16 11.2
750 to 999 miles 575 9.1 25 11.7 25 17.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 635 10.0 26 12.4 36 25.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 158 2.5 4 1.9 8 5.5
2,000 miles or more 634 10.0 11 5.2 32 22.2

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 577 100.0 159 100.0 45 100.0
Less than 50 miles 251 43.5 86 54.4 1 2.8
50 to 99 miles 13 2.2 5 3.4 S S
100 to 249 miles 172 29.7 30 18.8 5 11.6
250 to 499 miles 5 0.8 12 7.4 5 11.6
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.