Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 69,965 100.0 263,028 100.0 31,713 100.0
Less than 50 miles 24,695 35.3 193,430 73.5 4,269 13.5
50 to 99 miles 7,982 11.4 31,560 12.0 2,836 8.9
100 to 249 miles 10,998 15.7 20,000 7.6 3,739 11.8
250 to 499 miles 5,312 7.6 3,645 1.4 1,627 5.1
500 to 749 miles 2,816 4.0 2,572 1.0 1,979 6.2
750 to 999 miles 7,600 10.9 4,984 1.9 5,479 17.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,738 9.6 5,144 2.0 7,501 23.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,033 1.5 567 0.2 1,194 3.8
2,000 miles or more 2,790 4.0 1,128 0.4 3,088 9.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 56,051 100.0 259,276 100.0 30,740 100.0
Less than 50 miles 21,909 39.1 190,997 73.7 4,251 13.8
50 to 99 miles 7,468 13.3 31,291 12.1 2,812 9.1
100 to 249 miles 8,029 14.3 19,605 7.6 3,654 11.9
250 to 499 miles 4,160 7.4 3,569 1.4 1,587 5.2
500 to 749 miles 2,078 3.7 2,474 1.0 1,905 6.2
750 to 999 miles 5,310 9.5 4,795 1.8 5,271 17.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,664 8.3 4,943 1.9 7,211 23.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 623 1.1 531 0.2 1,122 3.6
2,000 miles or more 1,810 3.2 1,072 0.4 2,926 9.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 47,936 100.0 189,051 100.0 19,404 100.0
Less than 50 miles 19,857 41.4 128,960 68.2 2,200 11.3
50 to 99 miles 7,338 15.3 30,457 16.1 2,605 13.4
100 to 249 miles 7,624 15.9 19,002 10.1 3,491 18.0
250 to 499 miles 3,322 6.9 2,985 1.6 1,306 6.7
500 to 749 miles 1,626 3.4 1,856 1.0 1,373 7.1
750 to 999 miles 3,625 7.6 2,873 1.5 3,027 15.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,920 6.1 1,747 0.9 2,355 12.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 303 0.6 176 354 1.8
2,000 miles or more 1,321 2.8 995 0.5 2,692 13.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,274 100.0 S S 11,286 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,036 38.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 233 4.4 601 0.9 162 1.4
250 to 499 miles 279 5.3 583 0.8 281 2.5
500 to 749 miles 231 4.4 617 0.9 531 4.7
750 to 999 miles 901 17.1 1,920 2.7 2,242 19.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 3,185 4.5 4,842 42.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 90 1.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,841 100.0 23 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 1 5.9 1 2.3
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 785 27.6 2 8.9 2 5.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 473 16.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 229 8.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 381 13.4 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,782 100.0 400 100.0 464 100.0
Less than 50 miles 395 4.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 341 3.9 10 2.4 1 0.2
100 to 249 miles 924 10.5 47 11.7 S S
250 to 499 miles 1,123 12.8 51 12.7 26 5.6
500 to 749 miles 675 7.7 26 6.6 20 4.4
750 to 999 miles 2,204 25.1 127 31.8 143 30.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,777 20.2 52 13.0 71 15.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 401 4.6 15 3.7 31 6.6
2,000 miles or more 943 10.7 55 13.6 158 33.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,717 100.0 317 100.0 347 100.0
Less than 50 miles 395 4.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 341 3.9 9 3.0 1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 915 10.5 32 10.1 6 1.9
250 to 499 miles 1,105 12.7 38 12.0 19 5.4
500 to 749 miles 672 7.7 24 7.7 18 5.2
750 to 999 miles 2,192 25.2 95 30.0 104 29.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,776 20.4 51 16.0 70 20.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 396 4.5 13 4.1 26 7.5
2,000 miles or more 924 10.6 37 11.6 103 29.7

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 66 100.0 83 100.0 117 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 3,353 100.0 509 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 2,416 72.1 18 3.4
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 30 0.6 25 0.7 S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.