Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 69,965 100.0 263,028 100.0 31,713 100.0 349
Less than 50 lbs 13,108 18.7 441 0.2 213 0.7 547
50 to 99 lbs 2,408 3.4 S S 78 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 7,902 11.3 S S 224 0.7 S
500 to 749 lbs 2,628 3.8 527 0.2 46 0.1 89
750 to 999 lbs 1,165 1.7 498 0.2 41 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 10,849 15.5 7,777 3.0 797 2.5 97
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 23,288 33.3 102,161 38.8 14,945 47.1 142
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,552 3.6 S S S S 59
100,000 lbs or more 6,066 8.7 S S 12,055 38.0 652

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 56,051 100.0 259,276 100.0 30,740 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 3,323 5.9 S S 13 S
50 to 99 lbs 1,232 2.2 S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 6,393 11.4 S S 140 0.5 S
500 to 749 lbs 2,487 4.4 505 0.2 43 0.1 87
750 to 999 lbs 1,140 2.0 488 0.2 38 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 10,545 18.8 7,546 2.9 736 2.4 94
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 22,465 40.1 101,258 39.1 14,488 47.1 139
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,525 4.5 S S S S 59
100,000 lbs or more 5,941 10.6 S S 11,959 38.9 658

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 47,936 100.0 189,051 100.0 19,404 100.0 50
Less than 50 lbs 2,165 4.5 S S 8 33
50 to 99 lbs 801 1.7 S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 5,399 11.3 S S 135 0.7 S
500 to 749 lbs 2,251 4.7 504 0.3 42 0.2 84
750 to 999 lbs 1,128 2.4 487 0.3 36 0.2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 10,442 21.8 7,543 4.0 733 3.8 93
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 22,421 46.8 101,212 53.5 14,417 74.3 138
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,503 5.2 S S S S 58
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 502

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,274 100.0 S S 11,286 100.0 641
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 244
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 34 38 0.3 1,092
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 22 0.4 59 58 0.5 940
100,000 lbs or more 5,114 97.0 S S 11,188 99.1 677

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,841 100.0 23 100.0 S S 1,234
Less than 50 lbs 1,158 40.8 3 15.2 5 10.1 1,248
50 to 99 lbs 431 15.2 2 8.7 2 4.0 905
100 to 499 lbs 983 34.6 4 16.8 5 10.4 1,207
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,821
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4,923
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14 0.5 1 3.3 S S 987
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,875
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,782 100.0 400 100.0 464 100.0 1,109
Less than 50 lbs 6,320 72.0 184 46.1 199 42.9 1,104
50 to 99 lbs 1,118 12.7 48 12.0 62 13.3 1,311
100 to 499 lbs 1,205 13.7 78 19.6 83 17.9 933
500 to 749 lbs 65 0.7 S S S S 797
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,084
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 487
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,648
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 487
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,238

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,717 100.0 317 100.0 347 100.0 1,108
Less than 50 lbs 6,320 72.5 184 58.1 199 57.3 1,104
50 to 99 lbs 1,118 12.8 48 15.2 62 17.7 1,311
100 to 499 lbs 1,204 13.8 78 24.6 81 23.2 919
500 to 749 lbs 65 0.8 S S S S 797
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,084
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 66 100.0 83 100.0 117 100.0 3,351
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 7,181
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 487
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,648
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 487
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,238

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S 3,353 100.0 509 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S 26 0.8 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 58 1.1 12 0.4 S S 15
100 to 499 lbs 303 5.9 32 1.0 S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 217
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 779 15.2 S S S S 392
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
100,000 lbs or more 114 2.2 2,097 62.5 57 11.1 143

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.