Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 111,930 100.0 137,748 100.0 40,401 100.0
Less than 50 miles 25,372 22.7 58,893 42.8 1,199 3.0
50 to 99 miles 6,863 6.1 8,918 6.5 865 2.1
100 to 249 miles 24,085 21.5 30,036 21.8 6,328 15.7
250 to 499 miles 19,705 17.6 17,482 12.7 8,024 19.9
500 to 749 miles 17,218 15.4 9,783 7.1 7,762 19.2
750 to 999 miles 9,056 8.1 9,165 6.7 9,515 23.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,139 1.9 1,648 1.2 2,367 5.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,428 3.1 1,022 0.7 2,195 5.4
2,000 miles or more 4,064 3.6 801 0.6 2,146 5.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 103,987 100.0 134,072 100.0 39,163 100.0
Less than 50 miles 22,843 22.0 57,266 42.7 1,185 3.0
50 to 99 miles 6,590 6.3 8,891 6.6 863 2.2
100 to 249 miles 23,327 22.4 29,346 21.9 6,181 15.8
250 to 499 miles 18,716 18.0 16,761 12.5 7,727 19.7
500 to 749 miles 15,715 15.1 9,431 7.0 7,461 19.1
750 to 999 miles 8,098 7.8 9,040 6.7 9,386 24.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,938 1.9 1,619 1.2 2,331 6.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,182 3.1 971 0.7 2,072 5.3
2,000 miles or more 3,578 3.4 745 0.6 1,957 5.0

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 96,540 100.0 110,767 100.0 27,432 100.0
Less than 50 miles 22,137 22.9 54,123 48.9 1,118 4.1
50 to 99 miles 6,456 6.7 8,283 7.5 767 2.8
100 to 249 miles 22,432 23.2 20,889 18.9 4,209 15.3
250 to 499 miles 17,732 18.4 11,316 10.2 4,776 17.4
500 to 749 miles 14,208 14.7 6,826 6.2 5,083 18.5
750 to 999 miles 6,927 7.2 7,143 6.4 7,057 25.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,758 1.8 656 0.6 893 3.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,171 2.2 915 0.8 1,950 7.1
2,000 miles or more 2,719 2.8 616 0.6 1,580 5.8

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,932 100.0 22,058 100.0 11,448 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 2,279 10.3 59 0.5
50 to 99 miles 44 1.1 400 1.8 54 0.5
100 to 249 miles 888 22.6 8,457 38.3 1,972 17.2
250 to 499 miles 902 22.9 5,289 24.0 2,756 24.1
500 to 749 miles 752 19.1 2,601 11.8 2,374 20.7
750 to 999 miles 479 12.2 1,894 8.6 2,327 20.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 165 4.2 963 4.4 1,438 12.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 55 0.2 119 1.0
2,000 miles or more 76 1.9 119 0.5 349 3.0

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 4 0.3 4 1.3
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,125 100.0 1,017 100.0 776 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S
50 to 99 miles 257 6.2 6 0.6 1
100 to 249 miles 493 12.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 803 19.5 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,026 24.9 196 19.3 190 24.5
750 to 999 miles 594 14.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 165 4.0 4 0.4 6 0.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 165 4.0 39 3.9 99 12.7
2,000 miles or more 306 7.4 44 4.3 159 20.5

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,497 100.0 110 100.0 82 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 0.2
50 to 99 miles 257 7.4 6 5.6 1 0.7
100 to 249 miles 487 13.9 12 11.3 2 2.7
250 to 499 miles 650 18.6 17 15.5 8 9.9
500 to 749 miles 769 22.0 29 26.8 22 27.4
750 to 999 miles 580 16.6 19 17.1 19 23.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 165 4.7 4 4.1 6 7.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 92 2.6 5 4.8 11 13.8
2,000 miles or more 185 5.3 4 3.9 12 14.2

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 628 100.0 S S 695 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 257 40.9 167 18.4 168 24.2
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 34 3.8 88 12.6
2,000 miles or more 121 19.3 40 4.4 147 21.2

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,818 100.0 2,659 100.0 461 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 21 0.8 2 0.4
100 to 249 miles S S 633 23.8 134 29.0
250 to 499 miles 185 4.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 156 5.9 111 24.1
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.