Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 111,930 100.0 137,748 100.0 40,401 100.0 486
Single modes 103,987 92.9 134,072 97.3 39,163 96.9 293
Truck2 96,540 86.3 110,767 80.4 27,432 67.9 248
Rail 3,932 3.5 22,058 16.0 11,448 28.3 574
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,633
Multiple modes 4,125 3.7 1,017 0.7 776 1.9 981
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,497 3.1 110 82 0.2 979
All other Multiple modes 628 0.6 S S 695 1.7 1,309
Other and unknown modes 3,818 3.4 2,659 1.9 461 1.1 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,988 100.0 10,249 100.0 1,974 100.0 490
Single modes 7,739 96.9 S S 1,876 95.0 S
Truck2 7,621 95.4 S S 1,695 85.9 S
Rail 118 1.5 S S S S 506
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,234
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,234
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 341

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,927 100.0 4,718 100.0 1,501 100.0 S
Single modes 8,802 98.6 4,594 97.4 1,463 97.4 S
Truck2 8,633 96.7 4,284 90.8 1,312 87.4 S
Rail 169 1.9 310 6.6 151 10.1 487
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,334
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,333
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,639
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,355 100.0 29,484 100.0 9,502 100.0 278
Single modes 2,333 99.1 29,191 99.0 9,402 99.0 279
Truck2 1,640 69.6 18,443 62.6 3,696 38.9 243
Rail 671 28.5 10,638 36.1 5,705 60.0 616
All other Single modes 22 0.9 110 0.4 1 10
Multiple modes S S S S S S 986
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 986
Other and unknown modes 11 0.5 S S S S 59

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,265 100.0 18,645 100.0 1,345 100.0 S
Single modes 4,265 100.0 18,645 100.0 1,345 100.0 S
Truck2 4,086 95.8 16,538 88.7 662 49.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 372
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 13,362 100.0 8,600 100.0 2,845 100.0 389
Single modes 12,867 96.3 8,277 96.2 2,666 93.7 241
Truck2 12,359 92.5 6,505 75.6 2,250 79.1 240
Rail S S 1,752 20.4 416 14.6 274
All other Single modes S S S S S S 870
Multiple modes 467 3.5 S S S S 773
Parcel, USPS or courier 327 2.4 22 0.3 16 0.6 749
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,373
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 371

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 34,883 100.0 45,532 100.0 14,045 100.0 648
Single modes 31,217 89.5 43,083 94.6 13,408 95.5 518
Truck2 28,784 82.5 37,539 82.4 9,653 68.7 485
Rail 2,109 6.0 5,153 11.3 3,509 25.0 625
All other Single modes 324 0.9 S S S S 1,422
Multiple modes 1,311 3.8 S S 412 2.9 898
Parcel, USPS or courier 963 2.8 41 30 0.2 896
All other Multiple modes 348 1.0 S S S S 1,698
Other and unknown modes S S S S 225 1.6 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 9,733 100.0 10,150 100.0 3,446 100.0 S
Single modes 9,125 93.8 10,099 99.5 3,427 99.5 S
Truck2 8,923 91.7 8,829 87.0 2,729 79.2 S
Rail S S S S 697 20.2 582
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,123
Multiple modes 511 5.2 20 0.2 S S 361
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 4 0.1 371
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 31 0.3 8 0.2 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 12,301 100.0 1,362 100.0 971 100.0 803
Single modes 10,616 86.3 1,256 92.2 859 88.5 492
Truck2 7,622 62.0 1,240 91.0 824 84.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 3,064
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,531
Multiple modes 729 5.9 22 1.6 S S 1,223
Parcel, USPS or courier 705 5.7 16 1.2 14 1.4 1,219
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 6,366
Other and unknown modes 956 7.8 84 6.2 58 6.0 427

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 17,802 100.0 4,792 100.0 1,601 100.0 765
Single modes 16,716 93.9 4,741 98.9 1,547 96.6 518
Truck2 16,689 93.8 4,262 88.9 1,485 92.7 456
Rail S S S S S S 126
All other Single modes S S S S S S 3,410
Multiple modes 1,006 5.7 S S S S 1,135
Parcel, USPS or courier 923 5.2 9 0.2 9 0.5 1,135
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,627
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 315 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 307 97.7 S S S S S
Truck2 183 58.2 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 455
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 203
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 203
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.