Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,148 100.0 6,620 100.0 1,387 100.0 159
Less than 50 lbs 198 9.2 11 0.2 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 56 2.6 11 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 252 11.7 78 1.2 8 0.6 107
500 to 749 lbs 116 5.4 35 0.5 S S 118
750 to 999 lbs 89 4.1 35 0.5 S S 211
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 638 29.7 506 7.6 72 5.2 119
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 550 25.6 2,371 35.8 741 53.4 251
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 216 10.0 2,306 34.8 193 13.9 88
100,000 lbs or more 34 1.6 1,268 19.2 360 26.0 276

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,673 100.0 4,980 100.0 89 100.0 75
Less than 50 lbs 124 7.4 9 0.2 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 46 2.7 11 0.2 0.3 26
100 to 499 lbs 218 13.0 73 1.5 2 2.6 33
500 to 749 lbs 69 4.1 31 0.6 1 1.4 40
750 to 999 lbs 68 4.1 33 0.7 S S 153
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 554 33.1 453 9.1 11 12.3 28
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 389 23.2 2,056 41.3 37 40.9 16
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 197 11.8 2,114 42.4 27 30.6 14
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 20

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,605 100.0 4,938 100.0 72 100.0 21
Less than 50 lbs 119 7.4 9 0.2 0.2 17
50 to 99 lbs 46 2.9 11 0.2 0.3 23
100 to 499 lbs 215 13.4 73 1.5 2 2.4 25
500 to 749 lbs 66 4.1 31 0.6 S S 37
750 to 999 lbs 47 3.0 31 0.6 S S 35
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 551 34.3 452 9.2 11 15.2 28
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 356 22.2 2,018 40.9 25 34.1 12
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 197 12.3 2,114 42.8 27 38.0 14
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 20

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 68 100.0 S S S S 3,322
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,865
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,685
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,193
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 318
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,176
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 182
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 310
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 408 100.0 1,547 100.0 1,291 100.0 891
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 S S 775
50 to 99 lbs 4 1.0 S S 394
100 to 499 lbs 29 7.1 3 0.2 S S 1,280
500 to 749 lbs S S 4 0.2 S S 778
750 to 999 lbs S S 2 0.1 S S 1,224
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 45 2.9 55 4.3 1,112
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 162 39.7 315 20.3 705 54.6 1,852
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 18 4.5 192 12.4 165 12.8 936
100,000 lbs or more 25 6.2 985 63.7 355 27.5 357

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,485
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,642
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 112
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 845
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,316
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 137
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 309 100.0 1,543 100.0 1,286 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 5 1.6 S S 233
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 465
100 to 499 lbs S S 2 0.2 S S 1,474
500 to 749 lbs 4 1.3 2 0.1 1 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,786
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 45 2.9 55 4.3 1,112
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 162 52.3 315 20.4 705 54.8 1,852
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 18 6.0 192 12.4 165 12.8 936
100,000 lbs or more 25 8.2 985 63.9 355 27.6 357

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 67 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 9
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 605
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 16
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 18
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 8 8.6 S S 877
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.