Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 121,536 100.0 249,660 100.0 75,712 100.0
Less than 50 miles 28,498 23.4 109,706 43.9 2,869 3.8
50 to 99 miles 16,459 13.5 30,082 12.0 2,871 3.8
100 to 249 miles 22,649 18.6 44,082 17.7 9,071 12.0
250 to 499 miles 20,143 16.6 23,050 9.2 11,350 15.0
500 to 749 miles 13,842 11.4 17,143 6.9 16,191 21.4
750 to 999 miles 11,878 9.8 22,428 9.0 27,494 36.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,112 2.6 1,231 0.5 1,801 2.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,857 4.0 1,928 0.8 4,024 5.3
2,000 miles or more 98 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 105,332 100.0 236,883 100.0 64,225 100.0
Less than 50 miles 23,507 22.3 107,794 45.5 2,837 4.4
50 to 99 miles 15,805 15.0 29,506 12.5 2,777 4.3
100 to 249 miles 21,074 20.0 42,866 18.1 8,829 13.7
250 to 499 miles 17,934 17.0 22,837 9.6 11,256 17.5
500 to 749 miles 11,374 10.8 14,866 6.3 13,681 21.3
750 to 999 miles 9,428 9.0 16,317 6.9 19,996 31.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,556 2.4 1,133 0.5 1,645 2.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,638 3.5 1,560 0.7 3,192 5.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 94,503 100.0 149,761 100.0 20,284 100.0
Less than 50 miles 21,707 23.0 88,718 59.2 1,753 8.6
50 to 99 miles 15,495 16.4 24,898 16.6 2,274 11.2
100 to 249 miles 18,720 19.8 18,882 12.6 3,358 16.6
250 to 499 miles 16,292 17.2 8,457 5.6 3,569 17.6
500 to 749 miles 9,567 10.1 4,761 3.2 3,646 18.0
750 to 999 miles 7,169 7.6 2,064 1.4 2,024 10.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,259 2.4 628 0.4 928 4.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,285 3.5 1,350 0.9 2,728 13.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,856 100.0 40,947 100.0 13,900 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 100 2.1 3,496 8.5 399 2.9
100 to 249 miles 283 5.8 4,947 12.1 1,405 10.1
250 to 499 miles 1,071 22.0 10,461 25.5 4,699 33.8
500 to 749 miles 1,111 22.9 4,831 11.8 4,206 30.3
750 to 999 miles 782 16.1 947 2.3 999 7.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 266 5.5 503 1.2 712 5.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 315 6.5 206 0.5 454 3.3
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,973 100.0 46,174 100.0 30,041 100.0
Less than 50 miles 872 14.6 3,519 7.6 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,072 34.7 19,036 41.2 S S
250 to 499 miles 571 9.6 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 696 11.7 5,275 11.4 5,830 19.4
750 to 999 miles 1,477 24.7 13,306 28.8 16,972 56.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 32 0.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 38 0.6 4 10
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,034 100.0 10,206 100.0 11,194 100.0
Less than 50 miles 450 4.5 16 0.2
50 to 99 miles 506 5.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,233 12.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,726 17.2 86 0.8 38 0.3
500 to 749 miles 2,050 20.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 2,323 23.1 6,081 59.6 7,470 66.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 478 4.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,213 12.1 364 3.6 824 7.4
2,000 miles or more 57 0.6 4 13 0.1

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,472 100.0 328 100.0 249 100.0
Less than 50 miles 450 5.3 16 4.7 0.1
50 to 99 miles 494 5.8 17 5.1 2 0.6
100 to 249 miles 1,200 14.2 41 12.4 8 3.3
250 to 499 miles 1,725 20.4 69 21.2 31 12.4
500 to 749 miles 1,627 19.2 75 22.9 57 22.9
750 to 999 miles 1,493 17.6 58 17.6 57 22.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 462 5.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 987 11.6 28 8.5 57 22.8
2,000 miles or more 34 0.4 1 0.2 2 1.0

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,563 100.0 9,878 100.0 10,945 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 829 53.1 6,023 61.0 7,413 67.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 226 14.5 337 3.4 767 7.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,170 100.0 2,571 100.0 294 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,541 73.6 S S 31 10.6
50 to 99 miles S S 133 5.2 12 4.1
100 to 249 miles 342 5.6 308 12.0 70 23.9
250 to 499 miles 484 7.8 128 5.0 56 19.0
500 to 749 miles S S 41 1.6 31 10.7
750 to 999 miles 127 2.1 29 1.1 28 9.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 77 1.3 S S 40 13.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.