Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 191,701 100.0 238,153 100.0 48,105 100.0
Less than 50 miles 46,935 24.5 137,875 57.9 3,143 6.5
50 to 99 miles 17,805 9.3 19,656 8.3 1,830 3.8
100 to 249 miles 46,564 24.3 33,718 14.2 6,717 14.0
250 to 499 miles 30,455 15.9 26,080 11.0 15,641 32.5
500 to 749 miles 24,788 12.9 14,603 6.1 11,717 24.4
750 to 999 miles 10,767 5.6 3,381 1.4 3,467 7.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,094 2.7 887 0.4 1,217 2.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 9,217 4.8 1,936 0.8 4,330 9.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 159,183 100.0 228,874 100.0 44,264 100.0
Less than 50 miles 38,905 24.4 135,954 59.4 3,118 7.0
50 to 99 miles 15,115 9.5 18,612 8.1 1,734 3.9
100 to 249 miles 42,107 26.5 30,733 13.4 6,078 13.7
250 to 499 miles 26,041 16.4 24,506 10.7 14,739 33.3
500 to 749 miles 19,996 12.6 13,637 6.0 11,049 25.0
750 to 999 miles 7,768 4.9 3,197 1.4 3,264 7.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,758 2.4 723 0.3 970 2.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,448 3.4 1,495 0.7 3,269 7.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 150,029 100.0 179,232 100.0 23,051 100.0
Less than 50 miles 37,846 25.2 120,054 67.0 2,547 11.1
50 to 99 miles 14,753 9.8 15,131 8.4 1,289 5.6
100 to 249 miles 39,515 26.3 24,651 13.8 4,617 20.0
250 to 499 miles 24,309 16.2 8,849 4.9 4,021 17.4
500 to 749 miles 18,058 12.0 6,376 3.6 4,481 19.4
750 to 999 miles 7,440 5.0 2,100 1.2 2,134 9.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,097 2.1 658 0.4 886 3.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,971 3.3 1,395 0.8 3,036 13.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,851 100.0 39,599 100.0 16,711 100.0
Less than 50 miles 567 8.3 12,191 30.8 495 3.0
50 to 99 miles 339 4.9 S S 301 1.8
100 to 249 miles S S 5,181 13.1 1,183 7.1
250 to 499 miles 1,620 23.7 14,832 37.5 10,255 61.4
500 to 749 miles 1,311 19.1 4,060 10.3 3,252 19.5
750 to 999 miles 202 2.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 61 0.2 78 0.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 142 2.1 99 0.3 231 1.4
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,303 100.0 10,043 100.0 4,502 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 75 1.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 112 4.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 627 27.2 3,201 31.9 3,316 73.7
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1 3
2,000 miles or more 3 0.1 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 20,799 100.0 2,702 100.0 2,354 100.0
Less than 50 miles 988 4.7 18 0.7 1
50 to 99 miles 1,979 9.5 32 1.2 3 0.1
100 to 249 miles 2,449 11.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 3,763 18.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 4,311 20.7 189 7.0 151 6.4
750 to 999 miles 2,747 13.2 157 5.8 174 7.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,270 6.1 156 5.8 235 10.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,262 15.7 412 15.2 999 42.4
2,000 miles or more S S 1 2 0.1

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 15,006 100.0 385 100.0 267 100.0
Less than 50 miles 988 6.6 18 4.6 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles 1,964 13.1 28 7.3 3 1.0
100 to 249 miles 2,305 15.4 68 17.5 14 5.1
250 to 499 miles 2,767 18.4 105 27.1 50 18.6
500 to 749 miles 3,343 22.3 83 21.5 60 22.6
750 to 999 miles 1,201 8.0 29 7.6 30 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 528 3.5 12 3.2 17 6.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,881 12.5 43 11.1 92 34.5
2,000 miles or more S S 0.1 1 0.5

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,793 100.0 2,317 100.0 2,087 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 144 2.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 995 17.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 969 16.7 106 4.6 90 4.3
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 742 12.8 144 6.2 218 10.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,381 23.8 369 15.9 907 43.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 11,718 100.0 6,577 100.0 1,488 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,042 60.1 1,903 28.9 25 1.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,008 17.1 2,126 32.3 429 28.8
250 to 499 miles 651 5.6 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 481 4.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 252 2.2 27 0.4 28 1.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 66 0.6 8 0.1 11 0.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 507 4.3 29 0.4 61 4.1
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.