Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 191,701 100.0 238,153 100.0 48,105 100.0 709
Less than 50 lbs 16,799 8.8 330 0.1 164 0.3 823
50 to 99 lbs 3,635 1.9 238 0.1 50 0.1 213
100 to 499 lbs 13,939 7.3 1,462 0.6 365 0.8 244
500 to 749 lbs 3,778 2.0 677 0.3 154 0.3 228
750 to 999 lbs 3,715 1.9 687 0.3 133 0.3 192
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 59,093 30.8 16,485 6.9 4,699 9.8 243
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 78,082 40.7 125,677 52.8 16,455 34.2 140
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,917 3.6 29,244 12.3 2,116 4.4 72
100,000 lbs or more 5,743 3.0 63,353 26.6 23,970 49.8 372

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 159,183 100.0 228,874 100.0 44,264 100.0 143
Less than 50 lbs S S 135 17 S
50 to 99 lbs 1,512 1.0 181 21 112
100 to 499 lbs 11,398 7.2 1,325 0.6 295 0.7 208
500 to 749 lbs 3,606 2.3 662 0.3 148 0.3 223
750 to 999 lbs 3,524 2.2 659 0.3 111 0.3 170
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 47,176 29.6 14,972 6.5 4,106 9.3 230
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 74,305 46.7 123,147 53.8 15,335 34.6 134
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,695 4.2 29,011 12.7 1,961 4.4 67
100,000 lbs or more 5,466 3.4 58,781 25.7 22,270 50.3 362

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 150,029 100.0 179,232 100.0 23,051 100.0 133
Less than 50 lbs S S 133 15 S
50 to 99 lbs 1,337 0.9 180 0.1 20 107
100 to 499 lbs 11,077 7.4 1,320 0.7 289 1.3 204
500 to 749 lbs 3,603 2.4 662 0.4 146 0.6 220
750 to 999 lbs 3,515 2.3 658 0.4 110 0.5 168
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 46,330 30.9 14,901 8.3 4,037 17.5 227
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 73,207 48.8 122,446 68.3 15,134 65.7 133
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,471 3.6 28,347 15.8 1,739 7.5 62
100,000 lbs or more 788 0.5 10,586 5.9 1,562 6.8 168

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 6,851 100.0 39,599 100.0 16,711 100.0 680
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 273
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,505
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,992
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,334
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 66 0.2 66 0.4 1,067
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,089 15.9 460 1.2 194 1.2 450
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 3,722 54.3 38,406 97.0 16,226 97.1 512

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,303 100.0 10,043 100.0 4,502 100.0 1,187
Less than 50 lbs S S 2 2 1,256
50 to 99 lbs S S S S 1 1,065
100 to 499 lbs S S 4 4 954
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 6,713
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,003
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 51 2.2 S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S 9,789 97.5 4,482 99.6 582

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 20,799 100.0 2,702 100.0 2,354 100.0 937
Less than 50 lbs 10,278 49.4 186 6.9 146 6.2 943
50 to 99 lbs 2,059 9.9 51 1.9 30 1.3 573
100 to 499 lbs 2,352 11.3 114 4.2 69 2.9 611
500 to 749 lbs 168 0.8 13 0.5 6 0.3 480
750 to 999 lbs 172 0.8 24 0.9 S S 824
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,268
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,043 5.0 338 12.5 651 27.7 1,897
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,218
100,000 lbs or more S S 1,527 56.5 S S 885

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 15,006 100.0 385 100.0 267 100.0 936
Less than 50 lbs 10,278 68.5 186 48.4 146 54.6 943
50 to 99 lbs 2,058 13.7 51 13.2 30 11.0 572
100 to 499 lbs 2,341 15.6 113 29.3 67 25.0 600
500 to 749 lbs 164 1.1 12 3.2 6 2.1 465
750 to 999 lbs 166 1.1 23 6.0 S S 815
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,793 100.0 2,317 100.0 2,087 100.0 1,358
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,108
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,032
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 847
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,113
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,268
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,043 18.0 338 14.6 651 31.2 1,897
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,218
100,000 lbs or more S S 1,527 65.9 S S 885

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 11,718 100.0 6,577 100.0 1,488 100.0 121
Less than 50 lbs S S 8 0.1 S S 130
50 to 99 lbs 64 0.5 5 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 189 1.6 23 0.3 1 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 157
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,465 63.7 S S 104 7.0 122
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,734 23.3 2,192 33.3 469 31.5 232
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 126
100,000 lbs or more 180 1.5 3,045 46.3 891 59.9 382

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.