Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 67,202 100.0 165,039 100.0 38,491 100.0
Less than 50 miles 14,099 21.0 81,978 49.7 1,442 3.7
50 to 99 miles 4,416 6.6 22,272 13.5 2,109 5.5
100 to 249 miles 6,320 9.4 24,282 14.7 4,983 12.9
250 to 499 miles 9,347 13.9 15,214 9.2 6,820 17.7
500 to 749 miles 11,664 17.4 11,089 6.7 9,346 24.3
750 to 999 miles 7,558 11.2 5,250 3.2 6,141 16.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 13,511 20.1 4,760 2.9 7,294 19.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 258 0.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 30 5 13

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 59,431 100.0 160,916 100.0 37,295 100.0
Less than 50 miles 12,421 20.9 80,834 50.2 1,415 3.8
50 to 99 miles 4,192 7.1 22,153 13.8 2,099 5.6
100 to 249 miles 5,633 9.5 22,124 13.7 4,400 11.8
250 to 499 miles 8,286 13.9 14,979 9.3 6,702 18.0
500 to 749 miles 9,399 15.8 10,817 6.7 9,167 24.6
750 to 999 miles 7,037 11.8 5,214 3.2 6,103 16.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 12,206 20.5 4,604 2.9 7,062 18.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 243 0.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 50,285 100.0 134,502 100.0 19,493 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,617 23.1 76,928 57.2 1,366 7.0
50 to 99 miles 3,935 7.8 19,415 14.4 1,782 9.1
100 to 249 miles 5,187 10.3 19,688 14.6 3,814 19.6
250 to 499 miles 7,523 15.0 10,605 7.9 4,180 21.4
500 to 749 miles 6,535 13.0 3,005 2.2 2,207 11.3
750 to 999 miles 5,752 11.4 2,265 1.7 2,456 12.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,492 18.9 2,527 1.9 3,568 18.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 234 0.5 64 116 0.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,447 100.0 22,145 100.0 17,509 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 189 4.3 1,326 6.0 339 1.9
250 to 499 miles 503 11.3 4,373 19.7 2,521 14.4
500 to 749 miles 1,003 22.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 479 10.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,699 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 261 5.6 1 2 0.6
500 to 749 miles 1,862 39.6 4 4 1.4
750 to 999 miles 806 17.1 2 3 1.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 832 17.7 3 7 2.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 3 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,633 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 520 14.3 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 102 2.8 8 0.3 1 0.1
100 to 249 miles 507 14.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 655 18.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 529 14.6 25 1.1 19 2.6
750 to 999 miles 383 10.5 10 0.4 11 1.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 923 25.4 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7 0.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,284 100.0 138 100.0 68 100.0
Less than 50 miles 520 15.8 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 102 3.1 8 5.8 1 1.2
100 to 249 miles 308 9.4 17 12.0 3 5.1
250 to 499 miles 645 19.6 16 11.6 8 11.5
500 to 749 miles 499 15.2 18 12.8 13 19.3
750 to 999 miles 383 11.6 10 7.4 11 16.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 815 24.8 19 13.5 30 43.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7 0.2 0.1 0.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S 1 0.8

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,139 100.0 1,771 100.0 445 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,157 28.0 1,092 61.7 S S
50 to 99 miles S S 111 6.3 9 2.1
100 to 249 miles 180 4.3 99 5.6 20 4.5
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.