Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 144,435 100.0 301,484 100.0 93,763 100.0
Less than 50 miles 21,132 14.6 107,876 35.8 1,748 1.9
50 to 99 miles 11,789 8.2 19,774 6.6 2,071 2.2
100 to 249 miles 25,492 17.6 73,550 24.4 19,638 20.9
250 to 499 miles 37,409 25.9 65,162 21.6 33,801 36.0
500 to 749 miles 28,822 20.0 25,511 8.5 21,609 23.0
750 to 999 miles 9,410 6.5 6,010 2.0 7,178 7.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,591 1.8 996 0.3 1,521 1.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,432 4.5 2,371 0.8 5,626 6.0
2,000 miles or more 1,358 0.9 234 570 0.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 129,611 100.0 265,779 100.0 90,209 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,043 15.5 75,489 28.4 1,460 1.6
50 to 99 miles 10,391 8.0 19,568 7.4 2,052 2.3
100 to 249 miles 23,087 17.8 73,157 27.5 19,514 21.6
250 to 499 miles 33,340 25.7 64,781 24.4 33,578 37.2
500 to 749 miles 25,801 19.9 24,323 9.2 20,522 22.7
750 to 999 miles 7,870 6.1 5,003 1.9 5,706 6.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,207 1.7 986 0.4 1,508 1.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,714 4.4 2,245 0.8 5,319 5.9
2,000 miles or more 1,157 0.9 227 549 0.6

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 120,092 100.0 127,388 100.0 23,917 100.0
Less than 50 miles 19,165 16.0 70,548 55.4 1,362 5.7
50 to 99 miles 10,138 8.4 13,213 10.4 1,239 5.2
100 to 249 miles 19,454 16.2 15,072 11.8 3,099 13.0
250 to 499 miles 31,182 26.0 18,415 14.5 7,944 33.2
500 to 749 miles S S 6,181 4.9 4,470 18.7
750 to 999 miles S S 1,983 1.6 1,944 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,053 1.7 560 0.4 777 3.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,466 4.6 1,190 0.9 2,537 10.6
2,000 miles or more 1,127 0.9 226 0.2 546 2.3

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,035 100.0 105,954 100.0 54,633 100.0
Less than 50 miles 97 1.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 192 3.8 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,472 29.2 37,414 35.3 11,775 21.6
250 to 499 miles 1,972 39.2 45,307 42.8 24,744 45.3
500 to 749 miles 739 14.7 12,649 11.9 10,766 19.7
750 to 999 miles 284 5.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 228 4.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,485 100.0 32,437 100.0 11,658 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 4,258 13.1 78 0.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 20,671 63.7 4,640 39.8
250 to 499 miles 186 4.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 662 14.8 5,493 16.9 5,287 45.3
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 20 0.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S 3

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 13,337 100.0 2,934 100.0 3,128 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 23 0.8 2
100 to 249 miles 2,200 16.5 301 10.2 105 3.4
250 to 499 miles 3,864 29.0 331 11.3 203 6.5
500 to 749 miles 2,824 21.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,529 11.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 383 2.9 8 0.3 12 0.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 703 5.3 115 3.9 284 9.1
2,000 miles or more 198 1.5 7 0.2 18 0.6

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 12,360 100.0 288 100.0 195 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 10 3.5 0.1
50 to 99 miles S S 23 7.9 2 1.1
100 to 249 miles 2,058 16.6 40 14.0 9 4.7
250 to 499 miles 3,834 31.0 84 29.0 38 19.3
500 to 749 miles 2,678 21.7 74 25.5 54 27.9
750 to 999 miles 1,043 8.4 26 9.0 26 13.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 372 3.0 6 2.2 9 4.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 545 4.4 19 6.6 41 21.2
2,000 miles or more 196 1.6 6 2.1 15 7.7

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 2,646 100.0 2,933 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 143 14.6 S S 96 3.3
250 to 499 miles S S 247 9.3 S S
500 to 749 miles 146 15.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 158 16.2 96 3.6 242 8.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,487 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 580 39.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 92 0.3 S S
250 to 499 miles S S 49 0.2 20 4.6
500 to 749 miles 197 13.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.