Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 144,435 100.0 301,484 100.0 93,763 100.0 397
Less than 50 lbs 12,390 8.6 223 111 0.1 493
50 to 99 lbs 2,939 2.0 151 41 288
100 to 499 lbs 12,424 8.6 777 0.3 220 0.2 273
500 to 749 lbs 3,460 2.4 385 0.1 90 0.1 241
750 to 999 lbs 2,110 1.5 425 0.1 98 0.1 226
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 33,000 22.8 9,515 3.2 2,549 2.7 266
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 64,361 44.6 69,169 22.9 15,806 16.9 259
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,145 2.9 32,510 10.8 S S 117
100,000 lbs or more 9,605 6.6 188,329 62.5 70,444 75.1 343

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 129,611 100.0 265,779 100.0 90,209 100.0 224
Less than 50 lbs 3,406 2.6 81 S S 238
50 to 99 lbs S S 106 9 92
100 to 499 lbs 10,282 7.9 662 0.2 157 0.2 214
500 to 749 lbs 3,163 2.4 370 0.1 82 229
750 to 999 lbs 2,080 1.6 421 0.2 96 0.1 223
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 32,491 25.1 9,427 3.5 2,520 2.8 264
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 63,085 48.7 68,272 25.7 15,299 17.0 252
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,102 3.2 32,254 12.1 S S 118
100,000 lbs or more 9,201 7.1 154,185 58.0 67,637 75.0 343

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 120,092 100.0 127,388 100.0 23,917 100.0 210
Less than 50 lbs 3,241 2.7 79 S S 210
50 to 99 lbs S S 105 8 S
100 to 499 lbs 10,254 8.5 660 0.5 153 0.6 207
500 to 749 lbs 3,130 2.6 368 0.3 81 0.3 228
750 to 999 lbs 2,063 1.7 421 0.3 95 0.4 220
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 31,886 26.6 9,388 7.4 2,484 10.4 260
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 62,950 52.4 68,226 53.6 15,249 63.8 251
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,047 3.4 31,665 24.9 S S 114
100,000 lbs or more 820 0.7 16,475 12.9 1,690 7.1 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,035 100.0 105,954 100.0 54,633 100.0 493
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 22
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 432
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 419
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 294
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,423
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 159 3.2 S S 30 814
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 45 49 1,254
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 409
100,000 lbs or more 4,666 92.7 105,283 99.4 54,302 99.4 442

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,485 100.0 32,437 100.0 11,658 100.0 1,138
Less than 50 lbs 165 3.7 2 2 1,149
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 1 818
100 to 499 lbs 28 0.6 2 3 2,158
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 568
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,818
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,568
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,127
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S 32,427 100.0 11,645 99.9 371

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 13,337 100.0 2,934 100.0 3,128 100.0 686
Less than 50 lbs 8,882 66.6 138 4.7 94 3.0 681
50 to 99 lbs 1,122 8.4 41 1.4 31 1.0 775
100 to 499 lbs 2,095 15.7 96 3.3 63 2.0 653
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 676
750 to 999 lbs 25 0.2 3 2 756
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,282
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 269 9.2 439 14.0 1,688
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,636
100,000 lbs or more 103 0.8 2,374 80.9 2,487 79.5 728

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 12,360 100.0 288 100.0 195 100.0 685
Less than 50 lbs 8,882 71.9 138 47.9 94 48.3 681
50 to 99 lbs 1,122 9.1 41 14.2 31 16.1 774
100 to 499 lbs 2,092 16.9 95 33.0 60 30.8 640
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 675
750 to 999 lbs 24 0.2 2 0.8 S S 622
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S 2,646 100.0 2,933 100.0 2,002
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,671
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 7,644
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 4,750
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,626
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,282
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 269 10.2 439 15.0 1,688
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,636
100,000 lbs or more 103 10.6 2,374 89.7 2,487 84.8 728

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,487 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 101 6.8 5 S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 47 3.1 S S 1 0.1 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 503 33.8 86 0.3 26 6.1 399
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 629 1.9 68 15.9 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 255 0.8 S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.