Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 144,435 100.0 301,484 100.0 93,763 100.0 397
Single modes 129,611 89.7 265,779 88.2 90,209 96.2 224
Truck2 120,092 83.1 127,388 42.3 23,917 25.5 210
Rail 5,035 3.5 105,954 35.1 54,633 58.3 493
All other Single modes 4,485 3.1 32,437 10.8 11,658 12.4 1,138
Multiple modes 13,337 9.2 2,934 1.0 3,128 3.3 686
Parcel, USPS or courier 12,360 8.6 288 0.1 195 0.2 685
All other Multiple modes S S 2,646 0.9 2,933 3.1 2,002
Other and unknown modes 1,487 1.0 S S S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,815 100.0 7,152 100.0 4,936 100.0 251
Single modes 2,642 93.9 7,084 99.0 S S S
Truck2 2,041 72.5 2,018 28.2 S S S
Rail
All other Single modes 601 21.4 S S S S 2,176
Multiple modes S S S S S S 861
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 861
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 510

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,372 100.0 6,346 100.0 2,657 100.0 252
Single modes 6,254 98.1 6,269 98.8 2,596 97.7 219
Truck2 5,999 94.1 5,311 83.7 1,729 65.0 215
Rail S S S S S S 745
All other Single modes S S S S S S 933
Multiple modes 80 1.3 S S 41 1.5 1,031
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 515
All other Multiple modes S S S S 39 1.5 5,567
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 797

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 261 100.0 43,335 100.0 4,350 100.0 32
Single modes 255 97.9 42,568 98.2 4,289 98.6 31
Truck2 208 79.6 33,615 77.6 903 20.8 27
Rail 13 5.0 1,338 3.1 S S 473
All other Single modes S S S S S S 405
Multiple modes S S S S S S 454
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 751
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 140
Other and unknown modes 5 1.8 677 1.6 S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 12,159 100.0 193,023 100.0 60,827 100.0 S
Single modes 11,848 97.4 159,441 82.6 58,352 95.9 S
Truck2 6,326 52.0 43,612 22.6 S S S
Rail 3,073 25.3 99,888 51.7 51,217 84.2 371
All other Single modes S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 50 0.4 1,917 1.0 2,192 3.6 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
All other Multiple modes 49 0.4 1,917 1.0 2,192 3.6 830
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 15,682 100.0 6,593 100.0 3,169 100.0 449
Single modes 13,118 83.6 6,538 99.2 3,139 99.0 371
Truck2 12,228 78.0 4,433 67.2 2,050 64.7 355
Rail 654 4.2 1,360 20.6 826 26.1 722
All other Single modes 236 1.5 744 11.3 S S 2,925
Multiple modes 2,527 16.1 43 0.7 25 0.8 522
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,403 15.3 S S S S 521
All other Multiple modes S S 16 0.2 S S 1,068
Other and unknown modes 37 0.2 S S S S 67

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 14,969 100.0 10,424 100.0 4,725 100.0 690
Single modes 13,822 92.3 10,239 98.2 4,573 96.8 492
Truck2 13,103 87.5 7,745 74.3 3,202 67.8 485
Rail 703 4.7 2,493 23.9 1,370 29.0 543
All other Single modes S S S S S S 854
Multiple modes 1,002 6.7 117 1.1 139 2.9 861
Parcel, USPS or courier 975 6.5 39 0.4 30 0.6 860
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,612
Other and unknown modes 144 1.0 S S 13 0.3 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 24,947 100.0 9,347 100.0 369
Single modes S S 24,586 98.6 9,005 96.3 256
Truck2 S S 21,840 87.5 7,536 80.6 246
Rail 228 0.5 512 2.1 321 3.4 640
All other Single modes S S 2,234 9.0 1,148 12.3 1,024
Multiple modes 2,925 6.6 247 1.0 S S 652
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,295 5.2 67 0.3 40 0.4 647
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,714
Other and unknown modes 269 0.6 114 0.5 12 0.1 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 36,710 100.0 4,909 100.0 2,336 100.0 579
Single modes 30,497 83.1 4,686 95.4 2,215 94.8 322
Truck2 30,115 82.0 4,667 95.1 2,189 93.7 268
Rail S S S S S S 1,431
All other Single modes 166 0.5 2 4 0.2 1,015
Multiple modes S S 131 2.7 105 4.5 674
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 121 2.5 80 3.4 673
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,820
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 11,056 100.0 4,639 100.0 1,398 100.0 495
Single modes 9,994 90.4 4,257 91.8 1,133 81.0 385
Truck2 9,961 90.1 4,035 87.0 1,099 78.6 378
Rail 5 41 0.9 S S 381
All other Single modes 29 0.3 S S S S 1,773
Multiple modes 921 8.3 345 7.4 260 18.6 802
Parcel, USPS or courier 848 7.7 24 0.5 20 1.5 800
All other Multiple modes 73 0.7 321 6.9 240 17.2 2,322
Other and unknown modes 141 1.3 S S 4 0.3 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 212 100.0 S S 16 100.0 S
Single modes 175 82.6 S S 14 85.6 S
Truck2 175 82.5 S S 14 85.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 30
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 264
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 264
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 547

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.