Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 81,674 100.0 245,681 100.0 91,454 100.0
Less than 50 miles 29,439 36.0 121,504 49.5 2,079 2.3
50 to 99 miles 8,623 10.6 23,180 9.4 2,283 2.5
100 to 249 miles 8,804 10.8 18,562 7.6 4,277 4.7
250 to 499 miles 8,982 11.0 16,632 6.8 7,888 8.6
500 to 749 miles 9,819 12.0 27,540 11.2 22,845 25.0
750 to 999 miles 8,332 10.2 15,075 6.1 17,942 19.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,727 7.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,728 2.1 1,273 0.5 2,608 2.9
2,000 miles or more 220 0.3 161 432 0.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 76,405 100.0 232,338 100.0 88,512 100.0
Less than 50 miles 27,812 36.4 110,858 47.7 1,964 2.2
50 to 99 miles 8,081 10.6 22,354 9.6 2,216 2.5
100 to 249 miles 8,290 10.9 18,370 7.9 4,223 4.8
250 to 499 miles 8,246 10.8 16,325 7.0 7,718 8.7
500 to 749 miles 9,161 12.0 27,419 11.8 22,752 25.7
750 to 999 miles 7,969 10.4 14,998 6.5 17,861 20.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,123 6.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,524 2.0 1,222 0.5 2,497 2.8
2,000 miles or more 199 0.3 158 423 0.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 35,243 100.0 82,368 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 11,686 33.2 40,763 49.5 998 3.2
50 to 99 miles 4,764 13.5 7,398 9.0 649 2.1
100 to 249 miles 5,733 16.3 8,397 10.2 1,725 5.5
250 to 499 miles 4,910 13.9 5,401 6.6 2,200 7.0
500 to 749 miles 2,911 8.3 2,752 3.3 1,997 6.3
750 to 999 miles 2,361 6.7 1,451 1.8 1,473 4.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,137 6.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 705 2.0 465 0.6 927 2.9
2,000 miles or more S S 10 27

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 13,925 100.0 25,330 100.0 21,662 100.0
Less than 50 miles 549 3.9 1,056 4.2 33 0.2
50 to 99 miles 596 4.3 1,029 4.1 127 0.6
100 to 249 miles 1,167 8.4 3,092 12.2 824 3.8
250 to 499 miles 2,074 14.9 4,747 18.7 2,475 11.4
500 to 749 miles 2,713 19.5 6,412 25.3 5,599 25.8
750 to 999 miles 3,331 23.9 4,959 19.6 5,733 26.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,518 18.1 3,130 12.4 4,905 22.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 814 5.8 757 3.0 1,569 7.2
2,000 miles or more 164 1.2 148 0.6 396 1.8

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 27,236 100.0 124,640 100.0 35,358 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,577 57.2 69,038 55.4 S S
50 to 99 miles 2,721 10.0 13,927 11.2 1,440 4.1
100 to 249 miles 1,391 5.1 6,880 5.5 1,674 4.7
250 to 499 miles 1,262 4.6 6,177 5.0 3,043 8.6
500 to 749 miles 3,537 13.0 18,255 14.6 15,157 42.9
750 to 999 miles 2,277 8.4 8,588 6.9 10,654 30.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,586 100.0 2,268 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 520 14.5 S S
50 to 99 miles 491 13.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 395 11.0 103 4.5 35 1.4
250 to 499 miles 582 16.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 556 15.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 301 8.4 22 1.0 23 0.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 552 15.4 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 171 4.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 19 0.5 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,080 100.0 120 100.0 71 100.0
Less than 50 miles 520 16.9 S S 0.4
50 to 99 miles 321 10.4 12 10.3 1 1.6
100 to 249 miles 361 11.7 22 18.1 4 5.3
250 to 499 miles 541 17.6 26 21.4 11 15.7
500 to 749 miles 543 17.6 21 17.2 14 20.4
750 to 999 miles 297 9.6 11 9.4 12 16.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 373 12.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 108 3.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 18 0.6 0.2 1 0.9

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 506 100.0 2,149 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 34 6.8 81 3.8 31 1.2
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,683 100.0 S S 392 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,108 65.8 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 51 3.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 155 9.2 88 0.8 37 9.4
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 61 3.7 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.