Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 81,674 100.0 245,681 100.0 91,454 100.0 239
Less than 50 lbs 4,566 5.6 116 32 311
50 to 99 lbs 1,024 1.3 122 17 138
100 to 499 lbs 2,954 3.6 725 0.3 76 117
500 to 749 lbs 904 1.1 251 0.1 20 77
750 to 999 lbs 492 0.6 165 30 168
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,823 10.8 3,668 1.5 764 0.8 207
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 19,989 24.5 42,060 17.1 9,524 10.4 202
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,854 4.7 23,026 9.4 2,156 2.4 89
100,000 lbs or more 39,068 47.8 175,547 71.5 78,836 86.2 706

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 76,405 100.0 232,338 100.0 88,512 100.0 104
Less than 50 lbs 2,245 2.9 61 4 61
50 to 99 lbs 642 0.8 97 6 61
100 to 499 lbs 2,133 2.8 650 0.3 52 80
500 to 749 lbs 848 1.1 241 0.1 18 73
750 to 999 lbs 450 0.6 151 16 101
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,499 11.1 3,185 1.4 720 0.8 216
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 19,289 25.2 33,469 14.4 9,206 10.4 251
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,622 4.7 21,460 9.2 2,107 2.4 94
100,000 lbs or more 38,677 50.6 173,024 74.5 76,383 86.3 704

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 35,243 100.0 82,368 100.0 S S 77
Less than 50 lbs 2,222 6.3 60 3 S
50 to 99 lbs 567 1.6 96 0.1 5 S
100 to 499 lbs 2,114 6.0 648 0.8 49 0.2 78
500 to 749 lbs 846 2.4 241 0.3 18 72
750 to 999 lbs 450 1.3 151 0.2 16 101
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,675 16.1 2,948 3.6 414 1.3 130
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 18,764 53.2 33,086 40.2 8,700 27.6 238
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,130 8.9 20,594 25.0 1,559 4.9 75
100,000 lbs or more 1,475 4.2 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 13,925 100.0 25,330 100.0 21,662 100.0 1,006
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 613
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 775
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,283
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 515 3.7 358 1.4 505 2.3 1,385
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 485 3.5 829 3.3 540 2.5 710
100,000 lbs or more 10,092 72.5 23,908 94.4 20,310 93.8 855

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 27,236 100.0 124,640 100.0 35,358 100.0 1,173
Less than 50 lbs 22 S S S S 1,417
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,194
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,477
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 183
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 25 S S 22
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 37 S S 222
100,000 lbs or more 27,111 99.5 124,571 99.9 35,344 100.0 316

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,586 100.0 2,268 100.0 S S 645
Less than 50 lbs 2,035 56.7 42 1.9 26 1.0 656
50 to 99 lbs 314 8.8 19 0.8 10 0.4 550
100 to 499 lbs 652 18.2 46 2.0 21 0.8 526
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,421
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,028
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,787
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,187

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,080 100.0 120 100.0 71 100.0 644
Less than 50 lbs 2,034 66.0 42 35.4 26 36.4 656
50 to 99 lbs 314 10.2 19 15.9 10 14.4 550
100 to 499 lbs 652 21.2 46 38.7 21 29.7 526
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,437
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 506 100.0 2,149 100.0 S S 1,788
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,402
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 232
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,028
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,787
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,187

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,683 100.0 S S 392 100.0 96
Less than 50 lbs S S 13 0.1 S S 112
50 to 99 lbs 68 4.0 5 S S 93
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 159
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs 4 0.2 S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 228 13.6 S S 29 7.4 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 626 37.2 S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 1,567 14.1 S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 382

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.