Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 74,449 100.0 19,896 100.0 3,493 100.0 553
Less than 50 lbs 11,803 15.9 103 0.5 72 2.0 747
50 to 99 lbs S S 100 0.5 45 1.3 454
100 to 499 lbs S S 716 3.6 218 6.2 320
500 to 749 lbs 2,009 2.7 377 1.9 84 2.4 220
750 to 999 lbs 1,359 1.8 277 1.4 63 1.8 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 3,589 18.0 963 27.6 249
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 7,024 35.3 1,523 43.6 245
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 849 1.1 6,240 31.4 266 7.6 43
100,000 lbs or more 876 1.2 1,469 7.4 S S 179

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S 19,071 100.0 3,078 100.0 229
Less than 50 lbs S S 40 0.2 9 0.3 242
50 to 99 lbs S S 63 0.3 12 0.4 187
100 to 499 lbs S S 623 3.3 154 5.0 248
500 to 749 lbs 1,738 3.0 362 1.9 74 2.4 205
750 to 999 lbs 1,163 2.0 271 1.4 51 1.6 187
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 3,465 18.2 851 27.6 229
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 6,709 35.2 1,429 46.4 239
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 774 1.3 6,139 32.2 244 7.9 41
100,000 lbs or more 785 1.4 1,399 7.3 S S 181

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 51,733 100.0 18,806 100.0 2,857 100.0 182
Less than 50 lbs 918 1.8 37 0.2 5 0.2 105
50 to 99 lbs 602 1.2 61 0.3 10 0.3 162
100 to 499 lbs S S 615 3.3 146 5.1 236
500 to 749 lbs 1,714 3.3 361 1.9 74 2.6 205
750 to 999 lbs 1,117 2.2 270 1.4 50 1.8 186
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 3,455 18.4 816 28.6 221
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 6,689 35.6 1,394 48.8 234
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 773 1.5 6,135 32.6 241 8.4 40
100,000 lbs or more 655 1.3 1,184 6.3 S S 65

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 374
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 179
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 784
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,122
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,634
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 671
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 618

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,420
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,474
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 984
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,184
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 516
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 396
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17 0.3 S S S S 4,804
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 147
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 15,457 100.0 212 100.0 196 100.0 975
Less than 50 lbs 8,197 53.0 61 28.7 62 31.9 995
50 to 99 lbs S S 35 16.4 33 16.7 937
100 to 499 lbs 3,690 23.9 84 39.8 63 32.1 757
500 to 749 lbs S S 14 6.5 9 4.7 646
750 to 999 lbs S S 6 2.7 S S 2,177
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 34 0.2 4 1.8 5 2.4 986
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,248
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 567

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 15,427 100.0 199 100.0 180 100.0 975
Less than 50 lbs 8,196 53.1 61 30.4 62 34.7 995
50 to 99 lbs S S 35 17.3 33 18.2 937
100 to 499 lbs 3,689 23.9 84 42.2 63 35.0 756
500 to 749 lbs S S 14 6.9 9 5.1 644
750 to 999 lbs S S 6 2.9 S S 2,177
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 731
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 30 100.0 S S S S 1,599
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,520
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,992
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 3,259
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 19 64.6 3 26.3 4 26.8 1,136
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,248
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 567

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,593 100.0 614 100.0 S S 151
Less than 50 lbs 78 4.9 2 0.4 S
50 to 99 lbs 17 1.1 2 0.4 S
100 to 499 lbs S S 10 1.6 S S 111
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 13
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 120 19.5 S S 805
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 313 51.0 S S 366
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.