Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 100,305 100.0 133,265 100.0 35,541 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,516 17.5 41,729 31.3 1,017 2.9
50 to 99 miles 14,896 14.9 23,937 18.0 2,019 5.7
100 to 249 miles 20,491 20.4 29,918 22.4 7,010 19.7
250 to 499 miles 15,120 15.1 29,151 21.9 15,536 43.7
500 to 749 miles 16,547 16.5 4,092 3.1 3,177 8.9
750 to 999 miles 3,900 3.9 1,501 1.1 1,603 4.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,362 5.3 1,938 1.5 2,927 8.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,267 6.2 983 0.7 2,192 6.2
2,000 miles or more 205 0.2 17 60 0.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 82,741 100.0 120,322 100.0 26,618 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,093 19.4 41,273 34.3 1,004 3.8
50 to 99 miles 13,116 15.9 23,813 19.8 2,008 7.5
100 to 249 miles 18,151 21.9 29,598 24.6 6,900 25.9
250 to 499 miles 12,650 15.3 17,927 14.9 7,929 29.8
500 to 749 miles 12,395 15.0 3,759 3.1 2,880 10.8
750 to 999 miles 2,606 3.1 1,403 1.2 1,487 5.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,041 3.7 1,679 1.4 2,475 9.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,630 5.6 861 0.7 1,910 7.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 76,326 100.0 80,618 100.0 14,126 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,775 20.7 36,871 45.7 993 7.0
50 to 99 miles 12,972 17.0 19,746 24.5 1,725 12.2
100 to 249 miles 16,995 22.3 12,757 15.8 2,560 18.1
250 to 499 miles 11,555 15.1 5,115 6.3 2,278 16.1
500 to 749 miles 10,580 13.9 3,186 4.0 2,364 16.7
750 to 999 miles 2,397 3.1 1,197 1.5 1,227 8.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,282 3.0 1,002 1.2 1,359 9.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,723 4.9 734 0.9 1,599 11.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,426 100.0 12,780 100.0 5,002 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 93 0.7 1
50 to 99 miles S S S S 270 5.4
100 to 249 miles 537 12.1 5,744 44.9 1,752 35.0
250 to 499 miles 744 16.8 S S 808 16.2
500 to 749 miles S S 560 4.4 505 10.1
750 to 999 miles 145 3.3 203 1.6 257 5.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,989 100.0 26,924 100.0 7,489 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 4,309 16.0 10 0.1
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 619 31.1 11,096 41.2 2,589 34.6
250 to 499 miles 351 17.6 11,383 42.3 4,843 64.7
500 to 749 miles S S 12 12 0.2
750 to 999 miles S S 3 3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 140 7.1 7 9 0.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 113 5.7 4 9 0.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 15,337 100.0 12,094 100.0 8,715 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,120 7.3 29 0.2 1
50 to 99 miles 1,412 9.2 28 0.2 3
100 to 249 miles 1,994 13.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,930 12.6 11,132 92.0 7,557 86.7
500 to 749 miles 3,629 23.7 262 2.2 233 2.7
750 to 999 miles 1,255 8.2 83 0.7 100 1.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,297 15.0 252 2.1 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,555 10.1 112 0.9 260 3.0
2,000 miles or more S S 8 S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,868 100.0 238 100.0 147 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,120 12.6 29 12.4 1 0.7
50 to 99 miles 1,412 15.9 28 11.8 3 1.8
100 to 249 miles 1,867 21.1 42 17.9 10 6.8
250 to 499 miles 988 11.1 47 19.7 23 15.7
500 to 749 miles 1,480 16.7 44 18.7 33 22.6
750 to 999 miles 357 4.0 13 5.4 14 9.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 676 7.6 15 6.5 22 14.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 842 9.5 14 5.9 31 21.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,469 100.0 11,856 100.0 8,568 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 11,085 93.5 7,534 87.9
500 to 749 miles S S 217 1.8 200 2.3
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,620 25.0 236 2.0 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 713 11.0 98 0.8 229 2.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,227 100.0 849 100.0 209 100.0
Less than 50 miles 304 13.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 368 16.5 96 11.3 9 4.1
100 to 249 miles 347 15.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 540 24.3 93 10.9 49 23.6
500 to 749 miles 523 23.5 72 8.5 64 30.6
750 to 999 miles 40 1.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 24 1.1 7 0.8 10 4.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.