Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 100,305 100.0 133,265 100.0 35,541 100.0 562
Less than 50 lbs 6,446 6.4 145 0.1 90 0.3 713
50 to 99 lbs 1,865 1.9 99 40 0.1 390
100 to 499 lbs 8,034 8.0 664 0.5 186 0.5 314
500 to 749 lbs 1,859 1.9 314 0.2 74 0.2 233
750 to 999 lbs 1,918 1.9 359 0.3 86 0.2 240
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,673 29.6 9,595 7.2 2,559 7.2 288
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 41,298 41.2 38,090 28.6 9,627 27.1 234
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,140 5.1 23,168 17.4 1,957 5.5 85
100,000 lbs or more 4,072 4.1 60,832 45.6 20,923 58.9 234

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 82,741 100.0 120,322 100.0 26,618 100.0 502
Less than 50 lbs 2,277 2.8 59 31 0.1 793
50 to 99 lbs 738 0.9 55 13 242
100 to 499 lbs 4,560 5.5 568 0.5 134 0.5 248
500 to 749 lbs 1,564 1.9 295 0.2 65 0.2 217
750 to 999 lbs 1,828 2.2 353 0.3 82 0.3 233
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 22,859 27.6 9,022 7.5 1,935 7.3 233
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 40,094 48.5 37,381 31.1 9,360 35.2 232
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,118 6.2 23,070 19.2 1,931 7.3 84
100,000 lbs or more 3,703 4.5 49,520 41.2 13,066 49.1 222

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 76,326 100.0 80,618 100.0 14,126 100.0 186
Less than 50 lbs 1,637 2.1 38 5 125
50 to 99 lbs 573 0.8 47 8 167
100 to 499 lbs 4,235 5.5 565 0.7 132 0.9 245
500 to 749 lbs 1,528 2.0 295 0.4 64 0.5 217
750 to 999 lbs 1,800 2.4 352 0.4 81 0.6 231
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 20,662 27.1 8,854 11.0 1,689 12.0 206
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 39,624 51.9 37,190 46.1 9,183 65.0 228
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,947 6.5 22,819 28.3 1,686 11.9 74
100,000 lbs or more S S 10,458 13.0 1,278 9.0 84

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,426 100.0 12,780 100.0 5,002 100.0 1,307
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,514
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 303 6.8 162 1.3 158 3.2 1,049
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 171 3.9 248 1.9 245 4.9 1,041
100,000 lbs or more 1,919 43.3 12,212 95.6 4,361 87.2 826

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,989 100.0 26,924 100.0 7,489 100.0 1,327
Less than 50 lbs 639 32.1 21 26 0.4 1,347
50 to 99 lbs 165 8.3 S S S S 675
100 to 499 lbs 325 16.3 3 2 878
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 739
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,914
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 808
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 168 8.4 28 0.1 20 0.3 625
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1
100,000 lbs or more 464 23.3 26,849 99.7 7,427 99.2 185

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 15,337 100.0 12,094 100.0 8,715 100.0 680
Less than 50 lbs 4,016 26.2 81 0.7 58 0.7 678
50 to 99 lbs 1,062 6.9 42 0.3 26 0.3 608
100 to 499 lbs 3,420 22.3 92 0.8 51 0.6 640
500 to 749 lbs S S 17 0.1 9 0.1 504
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 636
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,787 37.7 443 3.7 553 6.3 1,231
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,867
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 554
100,000 lbs or more 369 2.4 11,312 93.5 7,857 90.2 694

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,868 100.0 238 100.0 147 100.0 672
Less than 50 lbs 4,016 45.3 81 34.1 58 39.6 678
50 to 99 lbs 1,062 12.0 42 17.6 26 17.8 608
100 to 499 lbs 3,420 38.6 92 38.5 51 34.8 639
500 to 749 lbs S S 17 7.2 8 5.2 417
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 632
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 6,469 100.0 11,856 100.0 8,568 100.0 1,247
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,774
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,844
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,781
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 8,358
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,483
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 443 3.7 553 6.5 1,231
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,867
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 554
100,000 lbs or more 369 5.7 11,312 95.4 7,857 91.7 694

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,227 100.0 849 100.0 209 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 153 6.9 5 0.5 0.1 84
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 54 2.4 5 0.6 1 0.4 134
500 to 749 lbs 10 0.4 S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 154
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,027 46.1 130 15.3 71 33.8 520
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 900 40.4 S S 123 58.7 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 157
100,000 lbs or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.