Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 48,133 100.0 164,967 100.0 101,486 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,441 15.5 45,605 27.6 1,296 1.3
50 to 99 miles 5,428 11.3 16,565 10.0 1,691 1.7
100 to 249 miles 6,916 14.4 13,355 8.1 3,006 3.0
250 to 499 miles 7,671 15.9 28,212 17.1 21,219 20.9
500 to 749 miles 4,937 10.3 28,389 17.2 24,178 23.8
750 to 999 miles 6,193 12.9 17,246 10.5 23,429 23.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,308 17.3 13,345 8.1 22,293 22.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,161 2.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 76 0.2 S S 4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 41,572 100.0 125,489 100.0 63,243 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,300 15.2 43,478 34.6 1,249 2.0
50 to 99 miles 5,240 12.6 16,506 13.2 1,686 2.7
100 to 249 miles 6,472 15.6 13,332 10.6 3,000 4.7
250 to 499 miles 6,820 16.4 10,732 8.6 5,363 8.5
500 to 749 miles 4,208 10.1 18,192 14.5 14,858 23.5
750 to 999 miles 4,860 11.7 8,078 6.4 11,165 17.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,868 16.5 12,928 10.3 21,560 34.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 777 1.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 34,984 100.0 62,445 100.0 18,355 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,480 15.7 28,962 46.4 683 3.7
50 to 99 miles 5,009 14.3 9,407 15.1 873 4.8
100 to 249 miles 6,127 17.5 10,369 16.6 2,129 11.6
250 to 499 miles 5,680 16.2 3,889 6.2 1,664 9.1
500 to 749 miles 3,324 9.5 2,718 4.4 S S
750 to 999 miles 3,583 10.2 2,022 3.2 2,255 12.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,128 14.7 3,083 4.9 4,734 25.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 643 1.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,680 100.0 50,817 100.0 31,579 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 14,442 28.4 565 1.8
50 to 99 miles 200 4.3 7,099 14.0 812 2.6
100 to 249 miles 339 7.2 2,961 5.8 870 2.8
250 to 499 miles 1,027 22.0 6,837 13.5 S S
500 to 749 miles 593 12.7 8,060 15.9 6,784 21.5
750 to 999 miles 217 4.6 1,332 2.6 1,466 4.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,388 29.7 9,839 19.4 16,817 53.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 110 2.3 246 0.5 569 1.8
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,908 100.0 12,228 100.0 13,309 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 112 5.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 291 15.2 7,414 60.6 5,843 43.9
750 to 999 miles 1,060 55.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 6 9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 24 1.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,235 100.0 37,822 100.0 37,616 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 183 3.5 4
100 to 249 miles 385 7.4 11 2
250 to 499 miles 720 13.8 17,458 46.2 15,845 42.1
500 to 749 miles 711 13.6 10,182 26.9 9,309 24.7
750 to 999 miles 1,216 23.2 9,158 24.2 12,254 32.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,309 25.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 5 10
2,000 miles or more 50 0.9 1 S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,781 100.0 116 100.0 120 100.0
Less than 50 miles 69 1.8 2 1.7
50 to 99 miles 183 4.9 4 3.7 0.3
100 to 249 miles 385 10.2 11 9.2 2 2.0
250 to 499 miles 318 8.4 14 12.2 7 5.9
500 to 749 miles 431 11.4 20 17.2 16 13.1
750 to 999 miles 657 17.4 25 21.1 27 22.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,305 34.5 35 30.0 55 45.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 5 4.6 10 8.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,455 100.0 37,706 100.0 37,496 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles 402 27.6 17,444 46.3 15,838 42.2
500 to 749 miles 280 19.3 10,162 26.9 9,293 24.8
750 to 999 miles S S 9,133 24.2 12,226 32.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 5 0.3 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 59 4.5 13 0.8 3 0.5
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.