Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 60,479 100.0 116,175 100.0 36,779 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,672 16.0 40,341 34.7 823 2.2
50 to 99 miles 6,010 9.9 15,651 13.5 1,488 4.0
100 to 249 miles 11,032 18.2 23,431 20.2 6,142 16.7
250 to 499 miles 13,637 22.5 20,024 17.2 10,754 29.2
500 to 749 miles 8,254 13.6 10,432 9.0 9,158 24.9
750 to 999 miles 5,597 9.3 3,580 3.1 4,071 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,409 7.3 2,075 1.8 2,997 8.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,780 2.9 623 0.5 1,259 3.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 51,676 100.0 111,117 100.0 33,462 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,084 17.6 39,514 35.6 814 2.4
50 to 99 miles 5,466 10.6 15,480 13.9 1,471 4.4
100 to 249 miles 9,684 18.7 21,283 19.2 5,344 16.0
250 to 499 miles 12,228 23.7 19,879 17.9 10,686 31.9
500 to 749 miles 6,836 13.2 9,307 8.4 7,774 23.2
750 to 999 miles 3,964 7.7 3,299 3.0 3,738 11.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,318 6.4 1,830 1.6 2,578 7.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,094 2.1 525 0.5 1,057 3.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 48,899 100.0 82,641 100.0 15,378 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,022 18.4 39,070 47.3 796 5.2
50 to 99 miles 5,429 11.1 15,164 18.3 1,414 9.2
100 to 249 miles 8,922 18.2 12,596 15.2 2,360 15.3
250 to 499 miles 11,493 23.5 8,717 10.5 3,721 24.2
500 to 749 miles 6,453 13.2 3,519 4.3 2,516 16.4
750 to 999 miles 3,517 7.2 1,719 2.1 1,762 11.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,020 6.2 1,471 1.8 2,050 13.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,044 2.1 384 0.5 758 4.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,916 100.0 17,444 100.0 10,644 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 14 0.1
50 to 99 miles S S 316 1.8 S S
100 to 249 miles 597 31.2 5,035 28.9 S S
250 to 499 miles 418 21.8 6,935 39.8 3,704 34.8
500 to 749 miles 238 12.4 2,712 15.5 2,254 21.2
750 to 999 miles 366 19.1 1,578 9.0 1,974 18.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 152 7.9 358 2.1 525 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 861 100.0 11,031 100.0 7,439 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 164 19.1 3,652 33.1 1,167 15.7
250 to 499 miles S S 4,226 38.3 3,260 43.8
500 to 749 miles 145 16.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S 2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 1 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,673 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 87 1.1 2
50 to 99 miles 511 6.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,177 15.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,315 17.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,360 17.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,444 18.8 253 6.5 304 9.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,027 13.4 226 5.8 393 12.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 666 8.7 93 2.4 194 6.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,199 100.0 471 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 87 1.2 2 0.5
50 to 99 miles 502 7.0 14 2.9 1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 1,116 15.5 23 4.8 5 1.0
250 to 499 miles 1,315 18.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,347 18.7 106 22.6 81 16.9
750 to 999 miles 1,357 18.8 93 19.8 96 20.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 914 12.7 70 14.8 96 20.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 510 7.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 474 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 87 18.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 114 24.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,130 100.0 S S 134 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 33 3.0 134 11.6 13 9.6
100 to 249 miles 172 15.2 90 7.8 19 14.2
250 to 499 miles 94 8.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 57 5.1 15 1.3 10 7.2
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 64 5.6 19 1.6 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.