Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 60,479 100.0 116,175 100.0 36,779 100.0 644
Less than 50 lbs 5,420 9.0 216 0.2 152 0.4 700
50 to 99 lbs 2,608 4.3 S S S S 970
100 to 499 lbs 6,016 9.9 609 0.5 154 0.4 259
500 to 749 lbs 1,414 2.3 332 0.3 62 0.2 183
750 to 999 lbs 857 1.4 304 0.3 45 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 10,182 16.8 4,589 4.0 1,025 2.8 229
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 29,670 49.1 55,793 48.0 12,479 33.9 214
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,949 3.2 18,909 16.3 1,727 4.7 90
100,000 lbs or more 2,363 3.9 35,089 30.2 20,828 56.6 491

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 51,676 100.0 111,117 100.0 33,462 100.0 178
Less than 50 lbs 1,408 2.7 53 10 S
50 to 99 lbs 975 1.9 65 10 150
100 to 499 lbs 4,064 7.9 524 0.5 109 0.3 204
500 to 749 lbs 1,336 2.6 325 0.3 60 0.2 181
750 to 999 lbs 748 1.4 299 0.3 41 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,862 19.1 4,521 4.1 984 2.9 220
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 29,126 56.4 55,427 49.9 12,041 36.0 208
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,935 3.7 18,727 16.9 1,701 5.1 90
100,000 lbs or more 2,221 4.3 31,176 28.1 18,506 55.3 508

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 48,899 100.0 82,641 100.0 15,378 100.0 163
Less than 50 lbs 1,302 2.7 52 8 121
50 to 99 lbs 932 1.9 65 9 139
100 to 499 lbs 3,922 8.0 520 0.6 105 0.7 199
500 to 749 lbs 1,297 2.7 325 0.4 60 0.4 180
750 to 999 lbs 737 1.5 299 0.4 40 0.3 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,781 20.0 4,518 5.5 979 6.4 220
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 28,855 59.0 55,305 66.9 11,932 77.6 206
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,832 3.7 18,604 22.5 1,600 10.4 86
100,000 lbs or more 240 0.5 S S 643 4.2 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,916 100.0 17,444 100.0 10,644 100.0 588
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,253
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,528
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 121 0.7 S S 1,015
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 920
100,000 lbs or more 1,596 83.3 17,278 99.0 10,494 98.6 549

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 861 100.0 11,031 100.0 7,439 100.0 1,403
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 2 1,470
50 to 99 lbs S S S S 1,994
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 839
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,520
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,732
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,745
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 782
100,000 lbs or more 386 44.9 10,945 99.2 7,369 99.1 625

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,673 100.0 S S S S 1,006
Less than 50 lbs 3,684 48.0 150 3.8 139 4.4 960
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,143
100 to 499 lbs 1,791 23.3 59 1.5 44 1.4 739
500 to 749 lbs S S 3 S S 629
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,368
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 353 4.6 188 4.8 379 11.9 2,087
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,890
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 861

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,199 100.0 471 100.0 S S 1,005
Less than 50 lbs 3,684 51.2 150 31.8 139 29.1 960
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,143
100 to 499 lbs 1,791 24.9 59 12.4 44 9.1 739
500 to 749 lbs S S 3 0.6 S S 629
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 831
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 474 100.0 S S S S 1,724
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 764
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,368
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4,335
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,368
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 353 74.6 S S S S 2,087
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,890
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 861

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,130 100.0 S S 134 100.0 179
Less than 50 lbs S S 14 1.2 S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 717
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs 9 0.8 S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 67 5.8 S S 676
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 191 16.9 178 15.4 60 44.6 358
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 92
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 8

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.