Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 25,546 100.0 18,703 100.0 3,979 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,873 11.2 12,705 67.9 243 6.1
50 to 99 miles 604 2.4 469 2.5 42 1.1
100 to 249 miles 4,855 19.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 6,158 24.1 1,816 9.7 1,059 26.6
500 to 749 miles 2,813 11.0 958 5.1 968 24.3
750 to 999 miles 1,335 5.2 72 0.4 84 2.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 165 0.9 306 7.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,986 7.8 226 1.2 484 12.2
2,000 miles or more 2,495 9.8 97 0.5 261 6.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 16,390 100.0 16,238 100.0 3,814 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,387 14.6 10,414 64.1 216 5.7
50 to 99 miles 416 2.5 457 2.8 41 1.1
100 to 249 miles 3,452 21.1 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 3,755 22.9 1,763 10.9 1,031 27.0
500 to 749 miles 1,685 10.3 942 5.8 956 25.1
750 to 999 miles S S 65 0.4 76 2.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,014 6.2 158 1.0 295 7.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,449 8.8 219 1.4 469 12.3
2,000 miles or more 1,543 9.4 78 0.5 210 5.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 14,428 100.0 14,800 100.0 2,220 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,387 16.5 10,414 70.4 216 9.7
50 to 99 miles 416 2.9 457 3.1 41 1.8
100 to 249 miles 3,422 23.7 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 3,322 23.0 1,180 8.0 595 26.8
500 to 749 miles 1,623 11.3 430 2.9 368 16.6
750 to 999 miles S S 53 0.4 58 2.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 46 0.3 74 3.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 792 5.5 111 0.7 226 10.2
2,000 miles or more 1,088 7.5 59 0.4 153 6.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 164 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1 0.6 11 0.8 17 1.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8 5.0 109 7.7 214 13.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 103 7.3 224 14.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,798 100.0 17 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 22 1.2 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 395 22.0 2 10.4 2 4.3
500 to 749 miles 24 1.4 S S 1 3.1
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 588 32.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 6 32.1 17 35.9

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,716 100.0 154 100.0 123 100.0
Less than 50 miles 255 2.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 4 2.3 0.3
100 to 249 miles 1,296 14.9 28 18.1 6 5.2
250 to 499 miles 2,318 26.6 38 24.6 19 15.8
500 to 749 miles 1,127 12.9 16 10.4 12 10.1
750 to 999 miles 647 7.4 7 4.5 8 6.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 7 4.3 11 9.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 536 6.1 7 4.6 15 12.1
2,000 miles or more 944 10.8 18 12.0 50 40.8

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,696 100.0 118 100.0 85 100.0
Less than 50 miles 255 2.9 8 7.1 0.2
50 to 99 miles S S 4 3.0 0.5
100 to 249 miles 1,295 14.9 28 23.5 6 7.5
250 to 499 miles 2,318 26.7 38 32.0 19 22.9
500 to 749 miles 1,127 13.0 16 13.5 12 14.7
750 to 999 miles 647 7.4 7 5.9 8 8.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 5 4.4 9 10.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 534 6.1 6 4.8 12 13.6
2,000 miles or more 928 10.7 7 5.7 18 21.5

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 20 100.0 S S 38 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 16 80.8 12 32.9 32 83.6

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 440 100.0 2,312 100.0 43 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 2,262 97.8 S S
50 to 99 miles 7 1.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 1 2 3.7

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.