Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 25,546 100.0 18,703 100.0 3,979 100.0 735
Less than 50 lbs 6,485 25.4 83 0.4 56 1.4 862
50 to 99 lbs S S 56 0.3 33 0.8 589
100 to 499 lbs 6,718 26.3 301 1.6 135 3.4 454
500 to 749 lbs 1,295 5.1 95 0.5 20 0.5 203
750 to 999 lbs 294 1.2 66 0.4 14 0.4 213
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,285 16.8 1,142 6.1 275 6.9 241
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,385 13.3 9,732 52.0 1,637 41.1 179
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 292 1.1 5,014 26.8 365 9.2 72
100,000 lbs or more 361 1.4 2,213 11.8 S S 694

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 16,390 100.0 16,238 100.0 3,814 100.0 628
Less than 50 lbs 848 5.2 24 0.1 15 0.4 998
50 to 99 lbs 297 1.8 29 0.2 12 0.3 448
100 to 499 lbs 5,742 35.0 259 1.6 113 3.0 440
500 to 749 lbs 1,246 7.6 89 0.5 17 0.5 193
750 to 999 lbs 272 1.7 62 0.4 13 0.4 216
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,067 24.8 1,054 6.5 262 6.9 243
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,357 20.5 8,428 51.9 1,587 41.6 197
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 287 1.8 4,169 25.7 354 9.3 S
100,000 lbs or more 273 1.7 2,124 13.1 S S 722

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 14,428 100.0 14,800 100.0 2,220 100.0 349
Less than 50 lbs 409 2.8 20 0.1 7 0.3 504
50 to 99 lbs 226 1.6 26 0.2 5 0.2 211
100 to 499 lbs 4,900 34.0 249 1.7 82 3.7 333
500 to 749 lbs 1,110 7.7 89 0.6 17 0.8 190
750 to 999 lbs 271 1.9 62 0.4 13 0.6 214
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,760 26.1 1,053 7.1 260 11.7 242
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 3,321 23.0 8,369 56.6 1,464 65.9 186
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 281 1.9 4,058 27.4 237 10.7 S
100,000 lbs or more 151 1.0 873 5.9 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 164 100.0 S S S S 1,168
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,007
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 36 21.9 59 4.1 S S 2,075
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,037
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,033

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,798 100.0 17 100.0 S S 2,302
Less than 50 lbs 440 24.5 4 22.3 8 17.2 2,207
50 to 99 lbs 71 3.9 S S 7 14.3 2,632
100 to 499 lbs 842 46.9 S S S S 3,110
500 to 749 lbs S S 0.7 0.7 2,605
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,822
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 1 5.5 S S 1,814
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,716 100.0 154 100.0 123 100.0 836
Less than 50 lbs 5,571 63.9 57 37.1 40 32.9 846
50 to 99 lbs S S 26 16.8 21 16.8 774
100 to 499 lbs 944 10.8 31 20.3 22 17.6 656
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 2 1.6 678
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,677
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 14 0.2 13 8.5 34 27.3 2,571
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 6

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,696 100.0 118 100.0 85 100.0 836
Less than 50 lbs 5,571 64.1 57 48.2 40 47.8 845
50 to 99 lbs S S 26 21.8 20 24.2 771
100 to 499 lbs 941 10.8 31 26.3 21 25.1 650
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 2 2.3 678
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 20 100.0 S S 38 100.0 2,570
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,565
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,589
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,762
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,677
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 14 73.7 13 36.5 34 87.9 2,571
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 6

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 440 100.0 2,312 100.0 43 100.0 89
Less than 50 lbs S S 2 0.1 S S 102
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 125
100 to 499 lbs 32 7.3 S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 65
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S 9 20.3 166
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 13 3.1 S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.