Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 60,280 100.0 68,318 100.0 13,863 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,627 17.6 31,282 45.8 606 4.4
50 to 99 miles 6,408 10.6 8,837 12.9 850 6.1
100 to 249 miles 23,725 39.4 17,367 25.4 3,780 27.3
250 to 499 miles 6,753 11.2 6,073 8.9 2,755 19.9
500 to 749 miles 3,860 6.4 2,187 3.2 1,571 11.3
750 to 999 miles 2,271 3.8 754 1.1 778 5.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,655 4.4 835 1.2 1,244 9.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,300 2.2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 2,683 4.5 333 0.5 900 6.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 52,122 100.0 66,091 100.0 13,523 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,128 19.4 29,733 45.0 590 4.4
50 to 99 miles 5,707 10.9 8,618 13.0 828 6.1
100 to 249 miles 20,547 39.4 17,042 25.8 3,702 27.4
250 to 499 miles 5,783 11.1 6,046 9.1 2,742 20.3
500 to 749 miles 3,261 6.3 2,174 3.3 1,561 11.5
750 to 999 miles 1,949 3.7 744 1.1 768 5.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,078 4.0 824 1.2 1,228 9.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 947 1.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 1,723 3.3 292 0.4 788 5.8

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 49,401 100.0 62,173 100.0 11,353 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,120 20.5 29,338 47.2 588 5.2
50 to 99 miles 5,692 11.5 7,794 12.5 713 6.3
100 to 249 miles 19,694 39.9 15,967 25.7 3,435 30.3
250 to 499 miles 5,494 11.1 5,146 8.3 2,375 20.9
500 to 749 miles 3,004 6.1 2,127 3.4 1,522 13.4
750 to 999 miles 1,721 3.5 744 1.2 767 6.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,677 3.4 631 1.0 917 8.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 799 1.6 146 0.2 285 2.5
2,000 miles or more 1,200 2.4 280 0.4 749 6.6

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 395 100.0 S S 2,142 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,326 100.0 433 100.0 29 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8 0.3 S S 2 5.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 204 8.8 7 1.5 7 25.4
750 to 999 miles S S 1.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 1 0.1 1 2.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,648 100.0 195 100.0 203 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 3,103 40.6 S S 13 6.3
250 to 499 miles 960 12.5 24 12.6 11 5.5
500 to 749 miles 553 7.2 11 5.4 8 4.1
750 to 999 miles 320 4.2 6 2.9 6 3.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 517 6.8 9 4.6 13 6.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 344 4.5 32 16.4 61 30.0
2,000 miles or more 933 12.2 32 16.7 89 44.0

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,344 100.0 141 100.0 93 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 3,087 42.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 960 13.1 24 17.4 11 12.1
500 to 749 miles 553 7.5 11 7.5 8 9.1
750 to 999 miles 320 4.4 6 4.0 6 6.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 517 7.0 9 6.4 13 14.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 134 1.8 3 1.9 5 5.7
2,000 miles or more 855 11.6 15 10.3 36 39.2

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 304 100.0 54 100.0 110 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 510 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 233 45.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.