Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 99,928 100.0 135,007 100.0 24,377 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,651 20.7 72,128 53.4 1,902 7.8
50 to 99 miles 10,769 10.8 28,347 21.0 S S
100 to 249 miles 19,727 19.7 15,918 11.8 3,029 12.4
250 to 499 miles 21,688 21.7 8,350 6.2 3,978 16.3
500 to 749 miles 14,092 14.1 5,290 3.9 4,121 16.9
750 to 999 miles 3,998 4.0 1,554 1.2 1,645 6.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,663 3.7 2,095 1.6 2,888 11.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,297 1.3 315 0.2 656 2.7
2,000 miles or more 4,044 4.0 1,010 0.7 2,734 11.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 91,623 100.0 131,449 100.0 23,786 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,652 20.4 69,346 52.8 1,858 7.8
50 to 99 miles 9,723 10.6 28,149 21.4 S S
100 to 249 miles 18,834 20.6 15,773 12.0 2,994 12.6
250 to 499 miles 20,403 22.3 8,145 6.2 3,875 16.3
500 to 749 miles 12,736 13.9 5,199 4.0 4,050 17.0
750 to 999 miles 3,544 3.9 1,523 1.2 1,613 6.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,251 3.5 2,072 1.6 2,857 12.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,065 1.2 305 0.2 635 2.7
2,000 miles or more 3,417 3.7 938 0.7 2,500 10.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 89,081 100.0 108,550 100.0 18,288 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,762 19.9 64,485 59.4 1,705 9.3
50 to 99 miles 9,379 10.5 15,127 13.9 1,334 7.3
100 to 249 miles 18,396 20.7 13,648 12.6 2,502 13.7
250 to 499 miles 20,161 22.6 6,963 6.4 3,232 17.7
500 to 749 miles 12,425 13.9 4,153 3.8 3,060 16.7
750 to 999 miles 3,450 3.9 1,313 1.2 1,355 7.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,138 3.5 1,720 1.6 2,244 12.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,058 1.2 304 0.3 634 3.5
2,000 miles or more 3,313 3.7 836 0.8 2,222 12.1

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,452 100.0 S S 5,309 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 80 0.4 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 375 25.8 2,103 11.6 487 9.2
250 to 499 miles 215 14.8 1,181 6.5 642 12.1
500 to 749 miles 259 17.9 1,043 5.8 987 18.6
750 to 999 miles 81 5.6 210 1.2 257 4.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 99 6.8 335 1.9 584 11.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 62 4.2 S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,090 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 873 80.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 27 2.5 1 0.2
500 to 749 miles 52 4.8 2 3 1.3
750 to 999 miles 13 1.2 1 1 0.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 14 1.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S 1 0.3
2,000 miles or more S S 2 6 3.3

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,930 100.0 309 100.0 354 100.0
Less than 50 miles 364 7.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 307 6.2 10 3.2 1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 625 12.7 39 12.8 10 2.9
250 to 499 miles 953 19.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,218 24.7 53 17.3 44 12.4
750 to 999 miles 326 6.6 10 3.3 10 2.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 354 7.2 12 4.0 17 4.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 205 4.2 7 2.4 15 4.3
2,000 miles or more 579 11.7 59 18.9 201 56.7

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,694 100.0 193 100.0 166 100.0
Less than 50 miles 364 7.8 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 307 6.5 10 5.1 1 0.6
100 to 249 miles 622 13.2 34 17.4 7 4.4
250 to 499 miles 923 19.7 37 19.0 18 10.8
500 to 749 miles 1,136 24.2 41 21.2 31 18.5
750 to 999 miles 326 6.9 10 5.2 10 6.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 354 7.5 12 6.3 17 10.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 205 4.4 7 3.8 15 9.2
2,000 miles or more 457 9.7 S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 237 100.0 116 100.0 187 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S 33 28.7 134 71.7

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,374 100.0 S S 238 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,635 48.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 188 5.8 19 7.8
100 to 249 miles 269 8.0 106 3.3 25 10.5
250 to 499 miles 332 9.8 104 3.2 48 20.4
500 to 749 miles 138 4.1 38 1.2 28 11.7
750 to 999 miles S S 21 0.6 22 9.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.