Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 99,928 100.0 135,007 100.0 24,377 100.0 489
Less than 50 lbs 3,736 3.7 121 72 0.3 702
50 to 99 lbs 1,881 1.9 106 54 0.2 500
100 to 499 lbs 6,190 6.2 941 0.7 277 1.1 326
500 to 749 lbs 2,913 2.9 573 0.4 119 0.5 210
750 to 999 lbs 2,166 2.2 472 0.3 117 0.5 246
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 22,553 22.6 7,899 5.9 1,945 8.0 231
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 53,514 53.6 74,676 55.3 14,441 59.2 202
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,433 3.4 24,950 18.5 1,566 6.4 61
100,000 lbs or more 3,542 3.5 25,271 18.7 5,786 23.7 263

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 91,623 100.0 131,449 100.0 23,786 100.0 229
Less than 50 lbs 1,077 1.2 44 10 225
50 to 99 lbs 922 1.0 62 16 249
100 to 499 lbs 5,185 5.7 853 0.6 212 0.9 262
500 to 749 lbs 2,714 3.0 542 0.4 114 0.5 213
750 to 999 lbs 2,039 2.2 458 0.3 115 0.5 249
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 20,299 22.2 7,288 5.5 1,827 7.7 233
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 52,618 57.4 72,257 55.0 14,152 59.5 205
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,230 3.5 24,681 18.8 1,556 6.5 62
100,000 lbs or more 3,539 3.9 25,264 19.2 5,782 24.3 263

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 89,081 100.0 108,550 100.0 18,288 100.0 224
Less than 50 lbs 1,007 1.1 43 9 178
50 to 99 lbs 899 1.0 60 16 248
100 to 499 lbs 5,127 5.8 799 0.7 209 1.1 272
500 to 749 lbs 2,695 3.0 525 0.5 113 0.6 217
750 to 999 lbs 2,009 2.3 413 0.4 114 0.6 274
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 20,130 22.6 7,090 6.5 1,818 9.9 243
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 52,588 59.0 72,231 66.5 14,130 77.3 205
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,201 3.6 24,650 22.7 1,524 8.3 60
100,000 lbs or more 1,424 1.6 2,739 2.5 356 1.9 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,452 100.0 S S 5,309 100.0 311
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 851
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 489
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,023
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 31 0.2 S S 1,195
100,000 lbs or more 1,387 95.5 S S 5,253 98.9 297

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,090 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 70 6.4 1 1 0.8 1,612
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S 3 1.7 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 1 0.7 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,930 100.0 309 100.0 354 100.0 876
Less than 50 lbs 2,619 53.1 75 24.2 62 17.5 868
50 to 99 lbs 941 19.1 41 13.3 38 10.8 923
100 to 499 lbs 922 18.7 60 19.5 63 17.8 1,037
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 3 0.8 S
750 to 999 lbs 90 1.8 S S 1 0.2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 8,403
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 213 4.3 103 33.3 131 37.1 1,421
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 652

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,694 100.0 193 100.0 166 100.0 875
Less than 50 lbs 2,619 55.8 75 38.8 62 37.3 868
50 to 99 lbs 941 20.1 41 21.2 38 22.9 923
100 to 499 lbs 922 19.6 60 31.1 63 37.8 1,037
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 3 1.6 S
750 to 999 lbs 90 1.9 S S 1 0.4 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 237 100.0 116 100.0 187 100.0 4,036
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 522
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 522
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,721
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 8,403
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 213 90.2 103 88.7 131 70.1 1,421
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 652

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,374 100.0 S S 238 100.0 72
Less than 50 lbs 40 1.2 2 S
50 to 99 lbs 18 0.5 3 S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S 2 0.7 S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 120
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 113
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 605 18.6 66 27.9 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 683 20.2 S S 157 66.0 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.