Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 99,928 100.0 135,007 100.0 24,377 100.0 489
Single modes 91,623 91.7 131,449 97.4 23,786 97.6 229
Truck2 89,081 89.1 108,550 80.4 18,288 75.0 224
Rail 1,452 1.5 S S 5,309 21.8 311
All other Single modes 1,090 1.1 S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,930 4.9 309 0.2 354 1.5 876
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,694 4.7 193 0.1 166 0.7 875
All other Multiple modes 237 0.2 116 187 0.8 4,036
Other and unknown modes 3,374 3.4 S S 238 1.0 72

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,683 100.0 10,457 100.0 2,599 100.0 237
Single modes 7,586 98.7 10,365 99.1 2,563 98.6 237
Truck2 7,586 98.7 10,365 99.1 2,563 98.6 237
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 471
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 471
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 97 1.3 92 0.9 35 1.4 207

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,582 100.0 4,889 100.0 652 100.0 S
Single modes 4,161 90.8 4,550 93.1 634 97.3 S
Truck2 4,161 90.8 4,550 93.1 634 97.3 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 53

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 592 100.0 44,230 100.0 2,740 100.0 68
Single modes 574 97.0 42,146 95.3 2,710 98.9 52
Truck2 526 88.9 39,152 88.5 1,994 72.8 50
Rail 48 8.1 2,979 6.7 688 25.1 219
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,811
Multiple modes S S S S S S 991
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 991
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 977
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,915 100.0 10,123 100.0 396 100.0 S
Single modes 2,894 99.3 10,038 99.2 367 92.8 S
Truck2 2,742 94.1 9,730 96.1 364 91.9 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 11
Multiple modes S S S S S S 318
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 301
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 570
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 14,896 100.0 11,489 100.0 3,957 100.0 547
Single modes 14,283 95.9 11,429 99.5 3,863 97.6 187
Truck2 13,017 87.4 5,619 48.9 2,233 56.4 175
Rail 662 4.4 1,767 15.4 1,490 37.7 872
All other Single modes S S S S S S 688
Multiple modes 591 4.0 41 0.4 67 1.7 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 19 0.2 S S 1,055
All other Multiple modes S S S S 44 1.1 1,923
Other and unknown modes 22 0.2 S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 18,187 100.0 26,717 100.0 6,963 100.0 833
Single modes 16,243 89.3 26,464 99.1 6,811 97.8 478
Truck2 15,513 85.3 13,734 51.4 4,190 60.2 481
Rail 689 3.8 S S S S S
All other Single modes 42 0.2 S S S S 1,651
Multiple modes 1,705 9.4 96 0.4 91 1.3 944
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,703 9.4 89 0.3 87 1.2 944
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 652
Other and unknown modes 239 1.3 158 0.6 61 0.9 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 11,748 100.0 S S 3,673 100.0 392
Single modes 10,247 87.2 S S 3,513 95.6 246
Truck2 10,192 86.8 S S 2,995 81.6 231
Rail S S S S S S 814
All other Single modes 7 S S 1 1,937
Multiple modes 1,050 8.9 81 0.6 138 3.8 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 999 8.5 47 0.3 S S 640
All other Multiple modes 51 0.4 34 0.3 S S 6,359
Other and unknown modes 451 3.8 S S 22 0.6 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 12,802 100.0 1,747 100.0 1,131 100.0 463
Single modes 9,593 74.9 1,476 84.4 1,082 95.7 S
Truck2 9,468 74.0 1,471 84.2 1,075 95.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 365
All other Single modes 125 1.0 4 0.2 7 0.6 1,616
Multiple modes 1,173 9.2 19 1.1 13 1.2 802
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,173 9.2 19 1.1 13 1.1 802
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,196
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 26,473 100.0 11,696 100.0 2,259 100.0 440
Single modes 25,999 98.2 11,662 99.7 2,235 99.0 367
Truck2 25,833 97.6 11,230 96.0 2,233 98.9 365
Rail S S S S S S 851
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,426
Multiple modes 399 1.5 18 0.2 13 0.6 636
Parcel, USPS or courier 398 1.5 18 0.2 12 0.5 636
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 7,547
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 49 100.0 S S 8 100.0 S
Single modes 42 85.6 S S 7 87.2 S
Truck2 42 85.4 S S 7 87.2 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 372
Multiple modes S S S S 1.6 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1.6 S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,209

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.