Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 188,561 100.0 282,026 100.0 67,018 100.0
Less than 50 miles 31,292 16.6 128,515 45.6 3,040 4.5
50 to 99 miles 29,912 15.9 43,927 15.6 4,086 6.1
100 to 249 miles 44,906 23.8 48,110 17.1 10,384 15.5
250 to 499 miles 39,402 20.9 42,196 15.0 S S
500 to 749 miles 11,321 6.0 6,438 2.3 4,683 7.0
750 to 999 miles S S 5,838 2.1 7,067 10.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,648 4.1 3,689 1.3 5,347 8.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,681 2.0 1,986 0.7 4,704 7.0
2,000 miles or more S S 1,328 0.5 3,203 4.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 178,076 100.0 273,190 100.0 62,100 100.0
Less than 50 miles 29,869 16.8 125,983 46.1 2,999 4.8
50 to 99 miles 28,786 16.2 43,454 15.9 4,048 6.5
100 to 249 miles 42,773 24.0 44,370 16.2 9,066 14.6
250 to 499 miles 36,962 20.8 41,785 15.3 S S
500 to 749 miles 10,080 5.7 6,296 2.3 4,574 7.4
750 to 999 miles S S 5,070 1.9 5,695 9.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,233 4.1 3,568 1.3 5,183 8.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,883 1.6 1,393 0.5 3,163 5.1
2,000 miles or more S S 1,272 0.5 3,061 4.9

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 144,260 100.0 179,333 100.0 30,455 100.0
Less than 50 miles 25,484 17.7 99,946 55.7 2,380 7.8
50 to 99 miles 26,684 18.5 27,594 15.4 2,410 7.9
100 to 249 miles 39,337 27.3 24,936 13.9 4,851 15.9
250 to 499 miles 26,539 18.4 15,238 8.5 6,867 22.5
500 to 749 miles 8,703 6.0 4,769 2.7 3,320 10.9
750 to 999 miles 5,582 3.9 2,635 1.5 2,753 9.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,230 3.6 2,084 1.2 2,995 9.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,309 1.6 990 0.6 2,170 7.1
2,000 miles or more S S 1,140 0.6 2,709 8.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 45,550 100.0 26,345 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,403 5.4 8,373 18.4 257 1.0
50 to 99 miles 170 0.6 795 1.7 100 0.4
100 to 249 miles 1,357 5.2 4,638 10.2 1,194 4.5
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,322 5.0 1,525 3.3 1,253 4.8
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,987 7.6 1,483 3.3 2,187 8.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 409 1.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 847 3.2 130 0.3 344 1.3

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,622 100.0 48,308 100.0 5,300 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,982 39.1 17,663 36.6 362 6.8
50 to 99 miles 1,932 25.3 15,064 31.2 1,538 29.0
100 to 249 miles 2,078 27.3 14,796 30.6 3,021 57.0
250 to 499 miles 328 4.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 56 0.7 1 1
750 to 999 miles 33 0.4 1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 16 0.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,992 100.0 5,213 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S 1
50 to 99 miles 838 10.5 46 0.9 4
100 to 249 miles 1,598 20.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,882 23.5 220 4.2 107 2.4
500 to 749 miles 1,106 13.8 115 2.2 90 2.0
750 to 999 miles 445 5.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 336 4.2 59 1.1 87 1.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 781 9.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 404 5.1 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,853 100.0 439 100.0 225 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 1 0.5
50 to 99 miles 838 12.2 46 10.5 4 1.8
100 to 249 miles 1,406 20.5 114 26.0 24 10.9
250 to 499 miles 1,856 27.1 111 25.3 52 23.0
500 to 749 miles 978 14.3 65 14.8 47 21.0
750 to 999 miles 323 4.7 18 4.1 18 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 268 3.9 15 3.5 20 9.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 206 3.0 12 2.8 26 11.8
2,000 miles or more 375 5.5 13 2.9 31 13.8

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,139 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 25 2.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 128 11.3 49 1.0 S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,494 100.0 3,623 100.0 398 100.0
Less than 50 miles 820 32.9 2,488 68.7 41 10.2
50 to 99 miles 287 11.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 536 21.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 558 22.4 192 5.3 84 21.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 80 3.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.