Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 29,662 100.0 77,910 100.0 12,754 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,010 16.9 38,444 49.3 980 7.7
50 to 99 miles 3,576 12.1 16,160 20.7 1,480 11.6
100 to 249 miles 4,061 13.7 12,500 16.0 2,331 18.3
250 to 499 miles S S 5,959 7.6 2,777 21.8
500 to 749 miles 4,100 13.8 2,354 3.0 1,903 14.9
750 to 999 miles 1,929 6.5 1,121 1.4 1,184 9.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,399 8.1 1,315 1.7 1,977 15.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 69 0.2 45 98 0.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 28,206 100.0 73,646 100.0 11,860 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,729 16.8 35,749 48.5 950 8.0
50 to 99 miles 3,514 12.5 16,050 21.8 1,450 12.2
100 to 249 miles 3,926 13.9 12,062 16.4 2,197 18.5
250 to 499 miles S S 5,129 7.0 2,313 19.5
500 to 749 miles 3,878 13.7 2,275 3.1 1,828 15.4
750 to 999 miles 1,762 6.2 1,060 1.4 1,118 9.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,059 7.3 1,268 1.7 1,894 16.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 52 0.2 42 91 0.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 25,810 100.0 53,086 100.0 6,786 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,752 14.5 29,366 55.3 617 9.1
50 to 99 miles 3,478 13.5 12,863 24.2 1,029 15.2
100 to 249 miles 3,270 12.7 5,546 10.4 1,085 16.0
250 to 499 miles S S 2,399 4.5 1,042 15.4
500 to 749 miles 3,606 14.0 1,240 2.3 936 13.8
750 to 999 miles 1,692 6.6 826 1.6 862 12.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,924 7.5 820 1.5 1,167 17.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 46 0.2 16 31 0.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 852 100.0 14,146 100.0 4,600 100.0
Less than 50 miles 21 2.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 18 2.1 3,095 21.9 415 9.0
100 to 249 miles 108 12.6 3,777 26.7 761 16.5
250 to 499 miles 244 28.7 2,730 19.3 1,271 27.6
500 to 749 miles 256 30.1 1,034 7.3 892 19.4
750 to 999 miles 67 7.9 234 1.7 256 5.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 132 15.5 448 3.2 727 15.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,544 100.0 6,414 100.0 473 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,138 100.0 1,533 100.0 828 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 45 3.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 436 28.4 133 16.1
250 to 499 miles 219 19.2 826 53.9 463 55.9
500 to 749 miles S S 75 4.9 71 8.6
750 to 999 miles 158 13.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 307 27.0 38 2.5 69 8.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 17 1.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,042 100.0 26 100.0 18 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 41 3.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 209 20.0 5 19.0 2 11.1
500 to 749 miles S S 3 11.4 2 12.1
750 to 999 miles 150 14.4 4 13.7 4 19.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 6 23.7 9 49.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 0.4 S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 96 100.0 1,507 100.0 810 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 7 7.3 431 28.6 132 16.3
250 to 499 miles 10 10.5 821 54.5 460 56.9
500 to 749 miles S S 72 4.8 69 8.5
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 51 53.3 32 2.1 60 7.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 318 100.0 S S 66 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 33 10.4 9 0.3 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.