Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 29,662 100.0 77,910 100.0 12,754 100.0 238
Less than 50 lbs 939 3.2 24 7 279
50 to 99 lbs 237 0.8 20 5 S
100 to 499 lbs 892 3.0 183 0.2 36 0.3 S
500 to 749 lbs 407 1.4 114 0.1 26 0.2 S
750 to 999 lbs 244 0.8 78 0.1 19 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,255 17.7 1,650 2.1 512 4.0 307
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 17,631 59.4 26,393 33.9 4,282 33.6 175
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,521 5.1 20,428 26.2 1,277 10.0 62
100,000 lbs or more 2,536 8.5 29,020 37.2 6,591 51.7 433

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 28,206 100.0 73,646 100.0 11,860 100.0 153
Less than 50 lbs 136 0.5 10 1 S
50 to 99 lbs 88 0.3 S S 1 S
100 to 499 lbs 730 2.6 168 0.2 30 0.3 S
500 to 749 lbs 386 1.4 103 0.1 24 0.2 S
750 to 999 lbs 230 0.8 65 17 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,133 18.2 1,612 2.2 495 4.2 299
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 17,495 62.0 25,643 34.8 4,107 34.6 173
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,490 5.3 20,014 27.2 1,204 10.2 60
100,000 lbs or more 2,517 8.9 26,018 35.3 5,980 50.4 424

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 25,810 100.0 53,086 100.0 6,786 100.0 147
Less than 50 lbs 133 0.5 10 1 S
50 to 99 lbs 77 0.3 S S 1 S
100 to 499 lbs 723 2.8 168 0.3 30 0.4 S
500 to 749 lbs 386 1.5 103 0.2 24 0.4 S
750 to 999 lbs 230 0.9 65 0.1 17 0.2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,118 19.8 1,607 3.0 493 7.3 299
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 17,440 67.6 25,502 48.0 4,054 59.7 172
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,474 5.7 19,882 37.5 1,157 17.1 58
100,000 lbs or more 230 0.9 5,737 10.8 S S 311

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 852 100.0 14,146 100.0 4,600 100.0 443
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 377
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 55 6.5 S S 53 1.1 449
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 132 0.9 47 1.0 322
100,000 lbs or more 773 90.7 13,868 98.0 4,499 97.8 451

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,544 100.0 6,414 100.0 473 100.0 1,430
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,718
50 to 99 lbs S S 1,275
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,008
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,308
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,483
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 1,515 98.1 6,413 100.0 472 99.9 113

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,138 100.0 1,533 100.0 828 100.0 743
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 6 0.7 744
50 to 99 lbs 131 11.5 5 0.3 3 0.4 690
100 to 499 lbs S S 7 0.4 5 0.6 837
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 650
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,086
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,076
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 74 6.5 S S 151 18.2 971
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 485
100,000 lbs or more 9 0.8 1,183 77.2 594 71.7 501

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,042 100.0 26 100.0 18 100.0 743
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 6 32.0 744
50 to 99 lbs 131 12.6 5 18.8 3 18.9 690
100 to 499 lbs S S 7 24.9 5 29.3 837
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 650
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,086
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 96 100.0 1,507 100.0 810 100.0 739
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,076
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 74 77.4 S S 151 18.6 971
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 485
100,000 lbs or more 9 9.8 1,183 78.5 594 73.4 501

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 318 100.0 S S 66 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 26
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 37 1.3 12 18.5 524
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 9

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.