Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 32,914 100.0 74,091 100.0 34,307 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,334 25.3 44,982 60.7 650 1.9
50 to 99 miles 2,023 6.1 3,194 4.3 313 0.9
100 to 249 miles 5,195 15.8 5,827 7.9 1,169 3.4
250 to 499 miles 5,101 15.5 4,919 6.6 2,608 7.6
500 to 749 miles 1,896 5.8 3,466 4.7 3,201 9.3
750 to 999 miles 1,817 5.5 2,293 3.1 2,788 8.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,212 3.7 1,560 2.1 2,858 8.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,330 10.1 4,300 5.8 10,020 29.2
2,000 miles or more 4,006 12.2 3,549 4.8 10,701 31.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 27,858 100.0 69,124 100.0 31,848 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,477 26.8 41,489 60.0 626 2.0
50 to 99 miles 1,907 6.8 3,158 4.6 310 1.0
100 to 249 miles 4,809 17.3 5,731 8.3 1,144 3.6
250 to 499 miles 4,523 16.2 4,560 6.6 2,448 7.7
500 to 749 miles 1,551 5.6 3,300 4.8 3,049 9.6
750 to 999 miles 1,493 5.4 2,163 3.1 2,624 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 981 3.5 1,530 2.2 2,802 8.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,625 9.4 4,228 6.1 9,856 30.9
2,000 miles or more 2,491 8.9 2,965 4.3 8,989 28.2

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 23,578 100.0 55,286 100.0 9,839 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,457 31.6 40,436 73.1 556 5.7
50 to 99 miles 1,903 8.1 3,125 5.7 303 3.1
100 to 249 miles 4,578 19.4 4,618 8.4 925 9.4
250 to 499 miles 3,972 16.8 2,914 5.3 1,341 13.6
500 to 749 miles 1,024 4.3 1,276 2.3 1,022 10.4
750 to 999 miles 976 4.1 708 1.3 739 7.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S 794 8.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,497 6.3 986 1.8 2,116 21.5
2,000 miles or more 1,506 6.4 731 1.3 2,043 20.8

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,812 100.0 12,999 100.0 21,815 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20 0.5 1,053 8.1 69 0.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 58 1.5 301 2.3 92 0.4
250 to 499 miles 519 13.6 1,645 12.7 1,104 5.1
500 to 749 miles 503 13.2 2,020 15.5 2,022 9.3
750 to 999 miles 507 13.3 1,454 11.2 1,883 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 300 7.9 1,038 8.0 2,007 9.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,063 27.9 3,229 24.8 7,703 35.3
2,000 miles or more 839 22.0 2,226 17.1 6,926 31.8

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 468 100.0 839 100.0 194 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 813 96.9 128 65.6
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 10 2.2 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,897 100.0 1,105 100.0 2,123 100.0
Less than 50 miles 107 2.8 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 83 2.1 3 0.3
100 to 249 miles 351 9.0 54 4.9 17 0.8
250 to 499 miles 510 13.1 66 6.0 38 1.8
500 to 749 miles 334 8.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 254 6.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 230 5.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 600 15.4 49 4.4 114 5.4
2,000 miles or more 1,428 36.6 555 50.3 1,635 77.0

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,443 100.0 133 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 102 3.0 2 1.3
50 to 99 miles 83 2.4 3 2.2 0.1
100 to 249 miles 333 9.7 11 8.0 2 0.8
250 to 499 miles 490 14.2 17 12.6 7 3.0
500 to 749 miles 283 8.2 8 6.3 7 2.7
750 to 999 miles 225 6.5 12 9.4 14 5.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 199 5.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 565 16.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 1,163 33.8 S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 454 100.0 972 100.0 1,882 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 18 4.0 S S 15 0.8
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 265 58.4 S S 1,489 79.1

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,160 100.0 3,862 100.0 336 100.0
Less than 50 miles 749 64.6 S S 23 6.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 36 3.1 42 1.1 8 2.3
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 11 0.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 106 9.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.