Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 32,914 100.0 74,091 100.0 34,307 100.0 1,295
Less than 50 lbs 3,289 10.0 149 0.2 S S 1,665
50 to 99 lbs 645 2.0 50 21 S
100 to 499 lbs 2,342 7.1 459 0.6 97 0.3 S
500 to 749 lbs 1,046 3.2 289 0.4 35 0.1 S
750 to 999 lbs 497 1.5 271 0.4 27 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5,036 15.3 4,231 5.7 723 2.1 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 12,091 36.7 31,885 43.0 7,678 22.4 207
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,755 11.4 17,498 23.6 2,150 6.3 121
100,000 lbs or more 4,213 12.8 19,258 26.0 23,383 68.2 1,623

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 27,858 100.0 69,124 100.0 31,848 100.0 332
Less than 50 lbs 888 3.2 52 6 562
50 to 99 lbs 232 0.8 32 4 S
100 to 499 lbs 1,567 5.6 390 0.6 62 0.2 S
500 to 749 lbs 902 3.2 271 0.4 29 S
750 to 999 lbs 476 1.7 264 0.4 26 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,831 17.3 4,105 5.9 680 2.1 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 11,514 41.3 30,930 44.7 6,952 21.8 194
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,664 13.2 17,284 25.0 2,117 6.6 121
100,000 lbs or more 3,782 13.6 15,796 22.9 21,971 69.0 1,642

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 23,578 100.0 55,286 100.0 9,839 100.0 142
Less than 50 lbs 791 3.4 51 3 159
50 to 99 lbs 220 0.9 31 2 S
100 to 499 lbs 1,503 6.4 387 0.7 53 0.5 S
500 to 749 lbs 881 3.7 270 0.5 26 0.3 S
750 to 999 lbs 473 2.0 264 0.5 25 0.3 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,758 20.2 4,098 7.4 661 6.7 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 11,226 47.6 30,741 55.6 6,598 67.1 186
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,537 15.0 17,062 30.9 1,729 17.6 103
100,000 lbs or more 189 0.8 2,382 4.3 S S 405

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,812 100.0 12,999 100.0 21,815 100.0 1,796
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,544
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 174 1.3 322 1.5 1,761
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 127 3.3 222 1.7 388 1.8 1,745
100,000 lbs or more 3,484 91.4 12,602 96.9 21,102 96.7 1,798

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 468 100.0 839 100.0 194 100.0 3,477
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,518
50 to 99 lbs 13 2.7 1 S S 3,156
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,827
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,750
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,980
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,713
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,644
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 108 23.2 S S 127 65.5 156

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,897 100.0 1,105 100.0 2,123 100.0 2,040
Less than 50 lbs 2,283 58.6 S S S S 2,054
50 to 99 lbs 378 9.7 11 1.0 17 0.8 1,558
100 to 499 lbs 657 16.9 24 2.2 33 1.5 1,348
500 to 749 lbs 126 3.2 S S S S 865
750 to 999 lbs S S 1 1 772
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 18 0.5 15 1.3 21 1.0 1,559
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 210 5.4 215 19.5 511 24.1 2,351
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 55 5.0 10 0.5 191
100,000 lbs or more 209 5.4 687 62.2 S S 1,423

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,443 100.0 133 100.0 S S 2,043
Less than 50 lbs 2,279 66.2 S S S S 2,057
50 to 99 lbs 376 10.9 11 8.3 17 7.1 1,552
100 to 499 lbs 655 19.0 24 18.1 32 13.3 1,341
500 to 749 lbs 125 3.6 S S S S 864
750 to 999 lbs S S 1 0.6 S S 673
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 315
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 454 100.0 972 100.0 1,882 100.0 956
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,597
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,741
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,028
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,081
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17 3.8 14 1.5 21 1.1 1,818
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 210 46.3 215 22.2 511 27.2 2,351
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 55 5.6 10 0.5 191
100,000 lbs or more 209 46.2 687 70.7 S S 1,423

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,160 100.0 3,862 100.0 336 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S 7 0.2 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 35 3.0 S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S 45 1.2 S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 187 16.1 111 2.9 S S 254
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 367 31.7 740 19.2 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S 23 6.7 S
100,000 lbs or more 222 19.1 S S S S 209

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.