Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 178,407 100.0 218,893 100.0 45,582 100.0
Less than 50 miles 42,929 24.1 118,861 54.3 3,475 7.6
50 to 99 miles 30,677 17.2 33,796 15.4 3,523 7.7
100 to 249 miles 38,884 21.8 34,074 15.6 9,012 19.8
250 to 499 miles 25,902 14.5 17,151 7.8 9,760 21.4
500 to 749 miles 16,067 9.0 5,545 2.5 4,295 9.4
750 to 999 miles 8,005 4.5 2,353 1.1 2,531 5.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,240 4.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,348 1.3 663 0.3 1,307 2.9
2,000 miles or more 6,355 3.6 1,343 0.6 3,578 7.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 153,630 100.0 207,935 100.0 39,149 100.0
Less than 50 miles 37,716 24.6 116,543 56.0 3,318 8.5
50 to 99 miles 28,116 18.3 32,900 15.8 3,435 8.8
100 to 249 miles 34,789 22.6 30,756 14.8 7,635 19.5
250 to 499 miles 22,797 14.8 13,310 6.4 5,883 15.0
500 to 749 miles 11,482 7.5 5,451 2.6 4,226 10.8
750 to 999 miles 6,188 4.0 2,093 1.0 2,193 5.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,968 3.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,707 1.1 635 0.3 1,253 3.2
2,000 miles or more 4,868 3.2 1,212 0.6 3,210 8.2

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 149,888 100.0 173,688 100.0 29,894 100.0
Less than 50 miles 37,378 24.9 105,284 60.6 2,283 7.6
50 to 99 miles 27,852 18.6 25,579 14.7 2,337 7.8
100 to 249 miles 32,977 22.0 19,096 11.0 3,751 12.5
250 to 499 miles 22,565 15.1 10,846 6.2 4,650 15.6
500 to 749 miles 11,320 7.6 4,506 2.6 3,291 11.0
750 to 999 miles 5,930 4.0 1,915 1.1 1,983 6.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,723 3.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,593 1.1 400 0.2 770 2.6
2,000 miles or more 4,551 3.0 1,150 0.7 3,028 10.1

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,364 100.0 28,751 100.0 8,625 100.0
Less than 50 miles 202 14.8 6,302 21.9 568 6.6
50 to 99 miles 196 14.4 6,855 23.8 987 11.4
100 to 249 miles 331 24.3 11,604 40.4 3,860 44.8
250 to 499 miles 169 12.4 2,463 8.6 1,231 14.3
500 to 749 miles 81 5.9 944 3.3 934 10.8
750 to 999 miles 126 9.3 171 0.6 202 2.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 122 0.4 196 2.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 51 3.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 69 5.1 57 0.2 166 1.9

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 5,497 100.0 631 100.0
Less than 50 miles 137 5.8 4,957 90.2 468 74.2
50 to 99 miles 68 2.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S 23 3.7
250 to 499 miles 63 2.6 1 1 0.2
500 to 749 miles 81 3.4 1 1 0.2
750 to 999 miles 131 5.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 107 4.5 1 1 0.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1 2 0.3
2,000 miles or more 247 10.4 6 0.1 16 2.5

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 18,964 100.0 7,429 100.0 5,824 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,602 8.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 2,126 11.2 134 1.8 15 0.3
100 to 249 miles 3,757 19.8 2,148 28.9 1,117 19.2
250 to 499 miles 2,744 14.5 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 56 0.7 40 0.7
750 to 999 miles 1,484 7.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,193 6.3 57 0.8 85 1.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 613 3.2 25 0.3 48 0.8
2,000 miles or more 1,445 7.6 96 1.3 274 4.7

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 18,525 100.0 690 100.0 346 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,567 8.5 79 11.4 3 0.8
50 to 99 miles 2,126 11.5 134 19.4 15 4.3
100 to 249 miles 3,715 20.1 194 28.2 38 11.0
250 to 499 miles 2,664 14.4 111 16.2 48 14.0
500 to 749 miles S S 56 8.1 40 11.6
750 to 999 miles 1,422 7.7 35 5.0 36 10.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,175 6.3 35 5.1 51 14.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 599 3.2 13 1.9 26 7.5
2,000 miles or more 1,257 6.8 33 4.8 89 25.7

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 439 100.0 6,740 100.0 5,478 100.0
Less than 50 miles 35 7.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 42 9.6 1,954 29.0 1,079 19.7
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 188 42.8 62 0.9 185 3.4

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,812 100.0 3,528 100.0 608 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,611 62.1 S S 18 2.9
50 to 99 miles 435 7.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 338 5.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 361 6.2 121 3.4 51 8.4
500 to 749 miles S S 38 1.1 29 4.8
750 to 999 miles S S 55 1.6 57 9.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.