Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 178,407 100.0 218,893 100.0 45,582 100.0 323
Less than 50 lbs 19,651 11.0 472 0.2 148 0.3 388
50 to 99 lbs 4,783 2.7 411 0.2 88 0.2 216
100 to 499 lbs 13,806 7.7 2,172 1.0 474 1.0 209
500 to 749 lbs 4,279 2.4 945 0.4 214 0.5 227
750 to 999 lbs 5,485 3.1 1,078 0.5 211 0.5 197
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 44,280 24.8 15,149 6.9 3,343 7.3 230
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 76,852 43.1 120,030 54.8 18,331 40.2 170
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,694 3.2 23,565 10.8 1,695 3.7 70
100,000 lbs or more 3,578 2.0 55,070 25.2 21,077 46.2 269

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 153,630 100.0 207,935 100.0 39,149 100.0 148
Less than 50 lbs 5,846 3.8 235 0.1 22 122
50 to 99 lbs 2,395 1.6 285 0.1 26 87
100 to 499 lbs 11,106 7.2 1,897 0.9 365 0.9 171
500 to 749 lbs 3,982 2.6 876 0.4 185 0.5 211
750 to 999 lbs 5,323 3.5 1,026 0.5 187 0.5 183
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 41,607 27.1 14,500 7.0 3,138 8.0 226
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 74,822 48.7 117,818 56.7 17,684 45.2 168
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,668 3.7 23,516 11.3 1,694 4.3 70
100,000 lbs or more 2,881 1.9 47,784 23.0 15,850 40.5 257

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 149,888 100.0 173,688 100.0 29,894 100.0 138
Less than 50 lbs 5,398 3.6 232 0.1 18 102
50 to 99 lbs 2,162 1.4 283 0.2 23 80
100 to 499 lbs 10,945 7.3 1,893 1.1 357 1.2 167
500 to 749 lbs 3,975 2.7 875 0.5 183 0.6 210
750 to 999 lbs 4,159 2.8 1,015 0.6 182 0.6 180
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 41,392 27.6 14,486 8.3 3,121 10.4 225
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 74,657 49.8 117,657 67.7 17,456 58.4 166
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,595 3.7 23,467 13.5 1,642 5.5 68
100,000 lbs or more 1,605 1.1 13,780 7.9 S S 160

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,364 100.0 28,751 100.0 8,625 100.0 703
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 210
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,414
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,442
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 161 11.8 159 0.6 222 2.6 1,443
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 73 5.4 49 0.2 53 0.6 1,032
100,000 lbs or more 1,125 82.5 28,541 99.3 8,348 96.8 450

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S 5,497 100.0 631 100.0 1,391
Less than 50 lbs 447 18.8 2 3 0.5 1,442
50 to 99 lbs 233 9.8 2 2 0.3 1,206
100 to 499 lbs 160 6.7 4 7 1.2 1,673
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,081
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 473
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,353
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,549
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 152 6.4 5,462 99.4 591 93.7 100

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 18,964 100.0 7,429 100.0 5,824 100.0 556
Less than 50 lbs 13,344 70.4 223 3.0 126 2.2 561
50 to 99 lbs 2,243 11.8 116 1.6 63 1.1 541
100 to 499 lbs 2,556 13.5 252 3.4 107 1.8 459
500 to 749 lbs 249 1.3 S S S S 512
750 to 999 lbs 149 0.8 S S S S 558
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 10 0.1 S S 2,137
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 170 0.9 157 2.1 288 4.9 1,919
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 147 0.8 S S S S 735

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 18,525 100.0 690 100.0 346 100.0 554
Less than 50 lbs 13,341 72.0 223 32.3 126 36.3 560
50 to 99 lbs 2,242 12.1 116 16.9 63 18.1 540
100 to 499 lbs 2,549 13.8 251 36.4 106 30.6 457
500 to 749 lbs 249 1.3 S S S S 512
750 to 999 lbs 144 0.8 S S S S 542
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 439 100.0 6,740 100.0 5,478 100.0 3,249
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,974
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 5,305
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,320
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,700
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 9 0.1 S S 2,170
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 170 38.6 157 2.3 288 5.3 1,919
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 147 33.5 S S S S 735

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,812 100.0 3,528 100.0 608 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S 10 0.3 S
100 to 499 lbs 143 2.5 24 0.7 2 0.3 62
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 30
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 639 18.1 189 31.0 258
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,861 32.0 2,055 58.2 360 59.2 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.