Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 178,407 100.0 218,893 100.0 45,582 100.0 323
Single modes 153,630 86.1 207,935 95.0 39,149 85.9 148
Truck2 149,888 84.0 173,688 79.3 29,894 65.6 138
Rail 1,364 0.8 28,751 13.1 8,625 18.9 703
All other Single modes S S 5,497 2.5 631 1.4 1,391
Multiple modes 18,964 10.6 7,429 3.4 5,824 12.8 556
Parcel, USPS or courier 18,525 10.4 690 0.3 346 0.8 554
All other Multiple modes 439 0.2 6,740 3.1 5,478 12.0 3,249
Other and unknown modes 5,812 3.3 3,528 1.6 608 1.3 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,845 100.0 7,449 100.0 S S 52
Single modes 7,799 99.4 7,445 99.9 S S 54
Truck2 7,788 99.3 7,445 99.9 S S 54
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 174
Multiple modes S S S S S S 108
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 108
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 19,248 100.0 17,114 100.0 3,261 100.0 S
Single modes 18,496 96.1 16,329 95.4 3,124 95.8 S
Truck2 18,474 96.0 16,312 95.3 3,072 94.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 3,010
All other Single modes S S S S S S 815
Multiple modes S S S S S S 754
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 651
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,562
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 699 100.0 67,464 100.0 S S 35
Single modes 698 99.8 67,457 100.0 S S 35
Truck2 674 96.3 66,098 98.0 S S 34
Rail 25 3.5 1,359 2.0 261 3.1 213
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,928
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 841
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,997
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,340 100.0 61,497 100.0 14,486 100.0 S
Single modes 4,175 96.2 54,258 88.2 9,209 63.6 S
Truck2 S S 22,671 36.9 1,192 8.2 S
Rail 697 16.1 26,125 42.5 7,425 51.3 349
All other Single modes 152 3.5 5,462 8.9 591 4.1 100
Multiple modes 148 3.4 6,572 10.7 5,171 35.7 796
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 925
All other Multiple modes 147 3.4 6,572 10.7 5,171 35.7 735
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 119

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 25,150 100.0 9,100 100.0 3,078 100.0 414
Single modes 21,501 85.5 8,809 96.8 2,948 95.8 206
Truck2 21,101 83.9 8,799 96.7 2,935 95.4 191
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,429
Multiple modes 3,390 13.5 S S S S 541
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,375 13.4 S S S S 541
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,094
Other and unknown modes 259 1.0 S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 26,528 100.0 17,756 100.0 4,374 100.0 524
Single modes 22,412 84.5 17,182 96.8 4,142 94.7 200
Truck2 22,124 83.4 16,991 95.7 3,948 90.3 195
Rail 192 0.7 183 1.0 182 4.2 1,300
All other Single modes 96 0.4 S S S S 1,352
Multiple modes 2,902 10.9 193 1.1 152 3.5 868
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,863 10.8 170 1.0 102 2.3 863
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,716
Other and unknown modes 1,214 4.6 S S 80 1.8 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 24,561 100.0 21,667 100.0 5,593 100.0 448
Single modes 22,277 90.7 21,372 98.6 5,312 95.0 249
Truck2 21,854 89.0 20,713 95.6 4,739 84.7 221
Rail 320 1.3 655 3.0 568 10.2 913
All other Single modes 103 0.4 S S S S 1,466
Multiple modes 1,953 8.0 155 0.7 169 3.0 772
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,792 7.3 71 0.3 58 1.0 768
All other Multiple modes 161 0.7 S S S S 2,399
Other and unknown modes 331 1.3 141 0.7 S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 31,945 100.0 3,330 100.0 1,766 100.0 413
Single modes 21,639 67.7 2,906 87.3 1,668 94.4 310
Truck2 19,980 62.5 2,858 85.8 1,616 91.5 265
Rail 69 0.2 35 1.1 S S 1,194
All other Single modes S S S S 9 0.5 1,411
Multiple modes 7,262 22.7 88 2.6 49 2.8 541
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,261 22.7 88 2.6 48 2.7 541
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,260
Other and unknown modes S S S S 49 2.8 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 37,283 100.0 12,412 100.0 2,991 100.0 187
Single modes 33,906 90.9 11,519 92.8 2,776 92.8 99
Truck2 33,863 90.8 11,424 92.0 2,740 91.6 99
Rail S S S S S S 710
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,679
Multiple modes 3,156 8.5 252 2.0 67 2.2 273
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,156 8.5 252 2.0 67 2.2 273
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,137
Other and unknown modes 220 0.6 S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 495
Single modes S S S S S S 319
Truck2 S S S S S S 124
Rail S S S S S S 208
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,678
Multiple modes S S S S S S 942
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 942
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 83

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.