Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 78,739 100.0 105,245 100.0 24,247 100.0
Less than 50 miles 12,990 16.5 48,928 46.5 1,135 4.7
50 to 99 miles 10,039 12.8 12,766 12.1 1,225 5.1
100 to 249 miles 18,315 23.3 20,165 19.2 3,738 15.4
250 to 499 miles 13,571 17.2 11,074 10.5 5,385 22.2
500 to 749 miles 13,806 17.5 7,523 7.1 5,876 24.2
750 to 999 miles 5,120 6.5 2,748 2.6 2,870 11.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,419 1.8 1,096 1.0 1,617 6.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 177 0.2 359 1.5
2,000 miles or more 2,350 3.0 769 0.7 2,043 8.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 74,546 100.0 104,312 100.0 23,815 100.0
Less than 50 miles 12,586 16.9 48,703 46.7 1,130 4.7
50 to 99 miles 9,772 13.1 12,707 12.2 1,219 5.1
100 to 249 miles 17,111 23.0 19,755 18.9 3,658 15.4
250 to 499 miles 12,801 17.2 11,040 10.6 5,369 22.5
500 to 749 miles 13,235 17.8 7,458 7.1 5,822 24.4
750 to 999 miles 4,803 6.4 2,669 2.6 2,785 11.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,281 1.7 1,091 1.0 1,609 6.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 172 0.2 348 1.5
2,000 miles or more 1,931 2.6 716 0.7 1,874 7.9

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 68,991 100.0 92,272 100.0 17,393 100.0
Less than 50 miles 12,184 17.7 46,831 50.8 1,052 6.0
50 to 99 miles 9,118 13.2 11,152 12.1 1,035 6.0
100 to 249 miles 16,483 23.9 17,621 19.1 3,182 18.3
250 to 499 miles 11,404 16.5 7,968 8.6 3,594 20.7
500 to 749 miles 11,558 16.8 5,175 5.6 3,749 21.6
750 to 999 miles 4,517 6.5 2,300 2.5 2,351 13.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,044 1.5 502 0.5 694 4.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 165 0.2 332 1.9
2,000 miles or more 1,686 2.4 559 0.6 1,404 8.1

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,890 100.0 11,960 100.0 6,383 100.0
Less than 50 miles 395 8.1 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 651 13.3 1,547 12.9 182 2.9
100 to 249 miles 598 12.2 2,134 17.8 476 7.5
250 to 499 miles 1,348 27.6 3,034 25.4 1,756 27.5
500 to 749 miles 1,279 26.1 2,268 19.0 2,061 32.3
750 to 999 miles 218 4.5 369 3.1 433 6.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 234 4.8 589 4.9 915 14.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 158 3.2 157 1.3 468 7.3

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 665 100.0 81 100.0 38 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 49 7.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 398 59.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,053 100.0 236 100.0 183 100.0
Less than 50 miles 123 4.0 4 1.8
50 to 99 miles 180 5.9 7 3.0 1 0.4
100 to 249 miles 550 18.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 758 24.8 23 9.6 11 6.0
500 to 749 miles 562 18.4 62 26.4 S S
750 to 999 miles 270 8.8 16 6.8 18 9.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 138 4.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 81 2.6 2 0.8 4 2.1
2,000 miles or more 391 12.8 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,854 100.0 84 100.0 57 100.0
Less than 50 miles 119 4.2 3 3.9 0.2
50 to 99 miles 180 6.3 7 8.5 1 1.2
100 to 249 miles 484 16.9 18 21.6 4 6.4
250 to 499 miles 755 26.4 21 25.2 10 18.1
500 to 749 miles 534 18.7 17 20.7 13 22.6
750 to 999 miles 263 9.2 8 9.2 8 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 136 4.8 2 2.4 3 5.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 81 2.8 2 2.2 4 6.8
2,000 miles or more 303 10.6 5 6.3 14 25.0

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,140 100.0 696 100.0 249 100.0
Less than 50 miles 282 24.7 220 31.7 S S
50 to 99 miles S S 51 7.3 5 2.2
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 11 1.0 11 1.6 6 2.3
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.