Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 78,739 100.0 105,245 100.0 24,247 100.0 299
Less than 50 lbs 3,316 4.2 106 0.1 31 0.1 390
50 to 99 lbs 1,047 1.3 106 0.1 22 205
100 to 499 lbs 4,951 6.3 711 0.7 134 0.6 190
500 to 749 lbs 4,176 5.3 527 0.5 116 0.5 222
750 to 999 lbs 2,628 3.3 458 0.4 81 0.3 174
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,992 22.8 5,875 5.6 1,351 5.6 222
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 35,692 45.3 59,487 56.5 13,446 55.5 235
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,182 4.0 15,489 14.7 1,680 6.9 103
100,000 lbs or more 5,756 7.3 22,485 21.4 7,386 30.5 422

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 74,546 100.0 104,312 100.0 23,815 100.0 158
Less than 50 lbs 1,403 1.9 68 7 107
50 to 99 lbs 708 0.9 87 8 S
100 to 499 lbs 4,263 5.7 670 0.6 117 0.5 167
500 to 749 lbs 4,048 5.4 521 0.5 114 0.5 221
750 to 999 lbs 2,609 3.5 458 0.4 80 0.3 174
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,695 23.7 5,826 5.6 1,292 5.4 218
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 35,390 47.5 58,995 56.6 13,181 55.3 233
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,682 3.6 15,217 14.6 1,637 6.9 103
100,000 lbs or more 5,749 7.7 22,472 21.5 7,380 31.0 422

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 68,991 100.0 92,272 100.0 17,393 100.0 144
Less than 50 lbs 1,301 1.9 67 6 80
50 to 99 lbs 702 1.0 86 8 S
100 to 499 lbs 4,110 6.0 666 0.7 113 0.6 159
500 to 749 lbs 4,019 5.8 520 0.6 114 0.7 221
750 to 999 lbs 2,590 3.8 457 0.5 79 0.5 172
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,575 25.5 5,819 6.3 1,283 7.4 217
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 34,832 50.5 58,330 63.2 12,868 74.0 230
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,582 3.7 14,801 16.0 1,509 8.7 99
100,000 lbs or more 1,280 1.9 11,524 12.5 S S 196

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,890 100.0 11,960 100.0 6,383 100.0 545
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 469
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 813
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 337 6.9 S S 304 4.8 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S 109 1.7 S
100,000 lbs or more 4,468 91.4 10,947 91.5 5,966 93.5 571

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 665 100.0 81 100.0 38 100.0 1,221
Less than 50 lbs 101 15.2 1 1.2 1 2.9 1,274
50 to 99 lbs 6 0.9 0.2 S S 1,363
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,042
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 966
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,200
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 4 5.3 S S 1,051
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 18 22.2 S S 681
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 297
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,053 100.0 236 100.0 183 100.0 751
Less than 50 lbs 1,781 58.3 34 14.6 24 12.9 753
50 to 99 lbs 321 10.5 17 7.3 14 7.5 794
100 to 499 lbs 617 20.2 29 12.1 17 9.5 620
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 622
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 986
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,832
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 442
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,390

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,854 100.0 84 100.0 57 100.0 750
Less than 50 lbs 1,781 62.4 34 41.1 24 41.5 753
50 to 99 lbs 321 11.3 17 20.5 14 24.1 794
100 to 499 lbs 617 21.6 29 34.2 17 30.3 619
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 622
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 986
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,269
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,239
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,832
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 442
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,390

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,140 100.0 696 100.0 249 100.0 42
Less than 50 lbs 132 11.6 4 0.5 27
50 to 99 lbs 18 1.6 2 0.3 S S 23
100 to 499 lbs 71 6.3 12 1.7 0.1 S
500 to 749 lbs 10 0.9 4 0.6 S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 54
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 41 5.8 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 177 15.5 351 50.4 S S 460
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 159
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 122

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.