Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 119,777 100.0 152,412 100.0 31,752 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,072 14.3 72,464 47.5 1,445 4.6
50 to 99 miles 11,686 9.8 22,123 14.5 2,008 6.3
100 to 249 miles 25,496 21.3 26,701 17.5 5,336 16.8
250 to 499 miles 31,911 26.6 19,730 12.9 11,079 34.9
500 to 749 miles 18,975 15.8 7,047 4.6 5,391 17.0
750 to 999 miles 5,837 4.9 2,014 1.3 2,058 6.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,258 2.7 934 0.6 1,311 4.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,728 3.1 1,060 0.7 2,257 7.1
2,000 miles or more 1,815 1.5 340 0.2 867 2.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 109,033 100.0 150,001 100.0 30,285 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,230 14.0 72,168 48.1 1,440 4.8
50 to 99 miles 11,268 10.3 22,059 14.7 2,003 6.6
100 to 249 miles 23,933 22.0 26,213 17.5 5,060 16.7
250 to 499 miles 29,006 26.6 18,577 12.4 10,540 34.8
500 to 749 miles 16,986 15.6 6,913 4.6 5,292 17.5
750 to 999 miles 5,194 4.8 1,954 1.3 1,998 6.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,990 2.7 887 0.6 1,247 4.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,083 2.8 948 0.6 1,996 6.6
2,000 miles or more 1,344 1.2 282 0.2 711 2.3

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 104,772 100.0 134,965 100.0 20,828 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,188 14.5 71,952 53.3 1,432 6.9
50 to 99 miles 11,224 10.7 21,706 16.1 1,971 9.5
100 to 249 miles 23,483 22.4 22,124 16.4 3,911 18.8
250 to 499 miles 27,170 25.9 10,329 7.7 4,638 22.3
500 to 749 miles 16,156 15.4 5,449 4.0 3,971 19.1
750 to 999 miles 4,959 4.7 1,610 1.2 1,601 7.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,715 2.6 747 0.6 1,035 5.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,609 2.5 796 0.6 1,638 7.9
2,000 miles or more 1,269 1.2 253 0.2 631 3.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,845 100.0 8,869 100.0 4,449 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 8 0.2
50 to 99 miles 43 1.5 S S 31 0.7
100 to 249 miles 420 14.8 S S 1,148 25.8
250 to 499 miles S S 2,556 28.8 1,371 30.8
500 to 749 miles 393 13.8 1,032 11.6 881 19.8
750 to 999 miles 153 5.4 338 3.8 390 8.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 381 13.4 148 1.7 348 7.8
2,000 miles or more 18 0.6 27 0.3 76 1.7

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,416 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S 1
250 to 499 miles 665 46.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 82 5.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 93 6.6 5 11 0.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S 4

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,135 100.0 828 100.0 782 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 395 4.9 9 1.1 1 0.1
100 to 249 miles 1,146 14.1 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 2,330 28.6 158 19.0 85 10.9
500 to 749 miles 1,859 22.9 85 10.3 64 8.2
750 to 999 miles 567 7.0 42 5.1 42 5.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 130 1.6 8 0.9 11 1.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 604 7.4 97 11.7 227 29.1
2,000 miles or more 162 2.0 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,448 100.0 220 100.0 130 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 395 5.3 9 4.1 1 0.8
100 to 249 miles 1,058 14.2 43 19.6 10 7.6
250 to 499 miles 2,067 27.8 55 24.8 26 19.7
500 to 749 miles 1,825 24.5 42 18.9 31 23.9
750 to 999 miles 539 7.2 23 10.6 24 18.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 126 1.7 7 3.4 10 8.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 373 5.0 7 3.1 14 11.0
2,000 miles or more 122 1.6 5 2.3 13 10.2

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 687 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 263 38.3 103 16.9 59 9.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 231 33.6 90 14.8 213 32.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,608 100.0 1,583 100.0 685 100.0
Less than 50 miles 901 34.5 267 16.9 S S
50 to 99 miles 23 0.9 55 3.5 4 0.6
100 to 249 miles 416 16.0 122 7.7 26 3.8
250 to 499 miles 575 22.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 18 1.1 18 2.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 41 1.6 15 1.0 33 4.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.