Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 119,777 100.0 152,412 100.0 31,752 100.0 357
Less than 50 lbs 6,140 5.1 182 0.1 69 0.2 392
50 to 99 lbs 3,099 2.6 181 0.1 68 0.2 372
100 to 499 lbs 9,813 8.2 888 0.6 308 1.0 362
500 to 749 lbs 3,287 2.7 425 0.3 175 0.6 410
750 to 999 lbs 2,406 2.0 451 0.3 139 0.4 310
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 30,603 25.5 8,472 5.6 2,711 8.5 318
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 55,880 46.7 84,585 55.5 15,006 47.3 199
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,361 4.5 36,792 24.1 3,589 11.3 97
100,000 lbs or more 3,188 2.7 20,435 13.4 9,686 30.5 471

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 109,033 100.0 150,001 100.0 30,285 100.0 257
Less than 50 lbs 1,990 1.8 94 23 215
50 to 99 lbs 1,406 1.3 127 34 0.1 259
100 to 499 lbs 8,072 7.4 795 0.5 257 0.8 329
500 to 749 lbs 3,173 2.9 411 0.3 173 0.6 417
750 to 999 lbs 2,343 2.1 440 0.3 133 0.4 304
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,834 27.4 8,329 5.6 2,666 8.8 317
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 54,213 49.7 83,716 55.8 14,336 47.3 192
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,035 4.6 36,450 24.3 S S 92
100,000 lbs or more 2,968 2.7 19,638 13.1 9,274 30.6 466

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 104,772 100.0 134,965 100.0 20,828 100.0 218
Less than 50 lbs 1,833 1.7 90 18 148
50 to 99 lbs 1,321 1.3 123 S S 222
100 to 499 lbs 7,772 7.4 767 0.6 222 1.1 277
500 to 749 lbs 3,156 3.0 409 0.3 170 0.8 413
750 to 999 lbs 2,305 2.2 436 0.3 127 0.6 293
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,512 28.2 8,256 6.1 2,577 12.4 311
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 53,198 50.8 83,196 61.6 13,946 67.0 187
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,945 4.7 36,258 26.9 S S 89
100,000 lbs or more 732 0.7 S S 464 2.2 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,845 100.0 8,869 100.0 4,449 100.0 884
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,360
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,680
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,440
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 326 7.3 852
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 600
100,000 lbs or more 1,775 62.4 8,177 92.2 3,954 88.9 647

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,416 100.0 S S S S 1,334
Less than 50 lbs 157 11.1 4 5 0.1 1,364
50 to 99 lbs 86 6.1 4 5 0.1 1,308
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,313
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,485
750 to 999 lbs 9 0.6 1 1 1,894
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 153 10.8 S S S S 932
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,207
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 624
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 777

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,135 100.0 828 100.0 782 100.0 539
Less than 50 lbs 4,041 49.7 83 10.0 46 5.8 522
50 to 99 lbs 1,655 20.3 50 6.0 34 4.3 690
100 to 499 lbs 1,700 20.9 82 9.9 50 6.5 630
500 to 749 lbs 50 0.6 5 0.7 2 0.3 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 864
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,117
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 419 5.2 285 34.4 379 48.5 1,436
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 180 2.2 S S S S 759
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 965

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,448 100.0 220 100.0 130 100.0 536
Less than 50 lbs 4,041 54.3 83 37.5 46 35.1 522
50 to 99 lbs 1,655 22.2 50 22.7 34 25.8 690
100 to 499 lbs 1,696 22.8 81 36.9 48 37.2 603
500 to 749 lbs 48 0.7 5 2.4 2 1.5 S
750 to 999 lbs 7 0.1 S S 0.4 427
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 687 100.0 S S S S 1,824
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,768
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,142
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,456
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,062
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,117
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 419 61.0 285 46.9 379 58.1 1,436
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 180 26.2 S S S S 759
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 965

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,608 100.0 1,583 100.0 685 100.0 123
Less than 50 lbs 109 4.2 5 0.3 87
50 to 99 lbs 38 1.5 4 0.2 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 41 1.6 11 0.7 S
500 to 749 lbs S S 9 0.5 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 350
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 762 29.2 141 8.9 41 6.0 348
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,248 47.8 584 36.9 291 42.5 532
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 147 5.6 121 7.6 S S 273
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 456

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.